The Process of Engagement: Hard to Reach or Easy to Ignore?

  • Stevie-Jade HardyEmail author
  • Neil Chakraborti
Part of the Palgrave Hate Studies book series (PAHS)


This chapter begins by highlighting the overarching aims of our research before discussing the methodologies employed within each study. In particular, it focuses on the complexities and challenges associated with researching diversity, and more specifically with attempts to engage with, and to collect data from, groups and communities considered ‘hard to reach’. This chapter draws from the methodological dilemmas encountered during fieldwork to illustrate that it is only through developing a more nuanced, less formulaic approach to conducting research that social scientists will achieve more inclusive constructions of ‘difference’, more complete accounts of victimisation and a more comprehensive understanding of the specific issues and problems facing different communities.


Hard to reach Diverse communities Engagement Victims Qualitative Survey 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of CriminologyUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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