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Causal Factors of Mudflows (a Study of the Tyrnyauz Tungsten-Molybdenum Plant in Tyrnyauz City Kabardino-Balkarian Republic)

  • Zalim TerekulovEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences book series (SPEES)

Abstract

The article studies the matters related to formation of natural-technogenic geosystems, hazardous natural processes, disturbed (technogenic) landscapes, mudflow hazards and uprush of pools in the area of mining enterprises (in the case of the Tyrnyauz Tungsten-Molybdenum Plant). The main objects were specified as factors in destabilization of slope processes and ecological situations. Data on avalanche-mudflow, landslide and landslide-scree hazards are examined, refined and supplemented. Characteristics of the zones with disturbed landscapes are presented. Active development of mountain areas inevitably leads to an increased slope erosion and activation of mudflow processes. The impact of human activities affects the course of mudflow processes. In this case, due to storage of dumps of mining enterprises, construction of reservoirs with substandard dams, roads and other construction works, using explosives that disturb the sheath of covering sediments on the slopes. As a general rule, formation of technogenic mudflows on dumps differs by high periodicity. The maximum volumes of mudflow runoffs are classified as large runoffs, despite the predominance of small-size mudflow water catchment areas. In general, technogenic mudflows formed on dumps, are characterized by local distribution, increased and diverse amount of mudflow runoffs. Such mud streams are neoformations with a modified mudflow state. Significant impacts on the environment change the conditions of mud formation qualitatively. This leads to the change in nature of the distribution of mudflows as well as in the activity level of the mudflow process and in the regime of mudflows.

Keywords

Mudflows Technogenic landscapes Intense rainfall Dumps of mining enterprises Ecological situations 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.High-Mountain Geophysical InstituteNalchikRussia

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