Intellectual Cooperation in War-Time and Plans for Reconstruction
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The executive committee of the ISC met in Geneva in February 1940 in order to review work undertaken on the topic of its new study cycle: international organisation. In November 1941, it met in New York whereupon it suspended the conference’s activities: the war had placed too many obstacles in the way of international collaboration and its secretariat in Paris had been closed. The suspension was not intended to be definitive: there was an urgent need to study international organisation in preparation for post-war reconstruction. Members of the IPR assembled at Mont Tremblant in December 1942. All were from countries either at war or occupied by enemy forces. Many urged that the United Nations should stimulate war morale in the Pacific through making it clear that the Atlantic Charter’s clause on the right to self-government applied to the whole world and not just to Europe. At Hot Springs in January 1945, members heard that if there was one major issue on which the Dumbarton Oaks’s plan for international security parted company with the League, it was on this issue: that any serious organisation aimed at preventing aggression must insist on the necessity of being prepared to use force.