Advertisement

Academic Success and Motivation

  • Lisa HenryEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter begins with a literature review on food insecurity and academic success among K-12 students, followed by a discussion of the expanding research on college students. Interview participants were asked if food insecurity has impacted their student success or performance in a course. This chapter shows the grit needed to be academically successful despite food insecurity. I discuss specific academic sacrifices in order to have more money for food, followed by a discussion of any activities, in class or extra-curricular, that were avoided because of issues with food insecurity. The final section discusses what motivates students to stay in college while they are food insecure.

Keywords

Food insecurity Academic success Academic sacrifices Motivation 

References

  1. Alaimo, Katherine, Christine M. Olson, and Edward A. Frongillo Jr. 2001. Food Insufficiency and American School-Aged Children’s Cognitive, Academic, and Psychosocial Development. Pediatrics 108 (1): 44–53.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, Alejandro C. 2019. Study Hard, Eat Less: Exploring Food Insecurity Among College Students. Master’s Thesis, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, Cara Cliburn, and Nathan F. Alleman. 2019. A Private Struggle at a Private Institution: Effects of Student Hunger on Social and Academic Experiences. Journal of College Student Development 60 (1): 52–69.  https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2019.0003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Camelo, Karen, and Marta Elliott. 2019. Food Insecurity and Academic Achievement Among College Students at a Public University in the United States. Journal of College Student Development 60 (3): 307–318.  https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2019.0028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carnevale, Anthony, Stephen Rose, and Ban Cheah. 2014. The College Payoff: Education, Occupations, Lifetime Earnings. Center on Education and the Workforce. https://1gyhoq479ufd3yna29x7ubjn-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/collegepayoff-completed.pdf. Accessed 10 April 2019.
  6. Cole, Stephen, and Elinor G. Barber. 2003. Increasing Faculty Diversity: The Occupational Choices of High-Achieving Minority Students. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Eisenberg, Daniel, Sara Goldrick-Rab, Sarah Ketchen Lipson, and Katharine Broton. 2016. Too Distressed to Learn? Mental Health among Community College Students. Report, March. https://hope4college.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Wisconsin_HOPE_Lab-Too_Distressed_To_Learn.pdf. Accessed 12 May 2019.
  8. El Zein, Aseel, Karla Shelnutt, Sarah Colby, Melissa Olfert, Kendra Kattelmann, Onikia Brown, Tandalayo Kidd, et al. 2017. The Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Its Association with Health and Academic Outcomes Among College Freshmen. Advances in Nutrition 8 (1): 4.  https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/8.1.4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. El Zein, Aseel, Karla P. Shelnutt, Sarah Colby, Melissa J. Vilaro, Wenjun Zhou, Geoffrey Greene, Melissa D. Olfert, Kristin Riggsbee, Jesse Stabile Morrell, and Anne E. Mathews. 2019. Prevalence and Correlates of Food Insecurity Among U.S. College Students: A Multi-institutional Study. BMC Public Health 19 (1).  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6943-6.
  10. Farahbakhsh, Jasmine, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D.C. Ball, Anna P. Farmer, Katerina Maximova, and Noreen D. Willows. 2017. Food Insecure Student Clients of a University-based Food Bank Have Compromised Health, Dietary Intake and Academic Quality. Nutrition & Dietetics 74 (1): 67–73.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Goldrick-Rab, Sara. 2016. Paying the Price: College Costs, Financial Aid, and the Betrayal of the American Dream. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goldrick-Rab, Sara, Christine Baker-Smith, Vanessa Coca, Elizabeth Looker, and Tiffani Williams. 2019. College and University Basic Needs Insecurity: A National #RealCollege Survey Report. Report, April. https://hope4college.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/HOPE_realcollege_National_report_digital.pdf. Accessed 18 May 2019.
  13. Hadley, Craig, and Deborah L. Crooks. 2012. Coping and the Biosocial Consequences of Food Insecurity in the 21st Century. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149 (S55): 72–94.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hagedorn, Rebecca L., and Melissa D. Olfert. 2018. Food Insecurity and Behavioral Characteristics for Academic Success in Young Adults Attending an Appalachian University. Nutrients 10 (3): 361.  https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hinton, Ivora, Jessica Howell, Elizabeth Merwin, Steven N. Stern, Sarah Turner, Ishan Williams, and Melvin Wilson. 2010. The Educational Pipeline for Health Care Professionals. Journal of Human Resources 45 (1): 116–156.  https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.45.1.116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hout, Michael. 2012. Social and Economic Returns to College Education in the United States. Annual Review of Sociology 38 (1): 379–400.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.102503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hughes, Roger, Irene Serebryanikova, Katherine Donaldson, and Michael Leveritt. 2011. Student Food Insecurity: The Skeleton in the University Closet. Nutrition & Dietetics 68 (1): 27–32.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01496.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jyoti, Diana F., Edward A. Frongillo, and Sonya J. Jones. 2005. Food Insecurity Affects School Childrens Academic Performance, Weight Gain, and Social Skills. The Journal of Nutrition 135 (12): 2831–2839.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/135.12.2831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kleinman, Ronald E., J. Michael Murphy, Michelle Little, Maria Pagano, Cheryl A. Wehler, Kenneth Regal, and Michael S. Jellinek. 1998. Hunger in Children in the United States: Potential Behavioral and Emotional Correlates. Pediatrics 101 (1): E3.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.101.1.e3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ma, Jennifer, Matea Pender, and Meredith Welch. 2016. Education Pay 2016: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Report. New York: College Board. https://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/education-pays-2016-full-report.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2019.
  21. Maroto, Maya E., Anastasia Snelling, and Henry Linck. 2015. Food Insecurity among Community College Students: Prevalence and Association with Grade Point Average. Community College Journal of Research and Practice 39 (6): 515–526.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10668926.2013.850758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martinez, Suzanna M., Katie Maynard, and Lorrene D. Ritchie. 2016. Student Food Access and Security Study. Global Food Initiative. Report. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. https://regents.universityofcalifornia.edu/regmeet/july16/e1attach.pdf. Accessed 3 May 2018.
  23. Martinez, Suzanna M., Edward A. Frongillo, Cindy Leung, and Lorrene Ritchie. 2018. No Food for Thought: Food Insecurity Is Related to Poor Mental Health and Lower Academic Performance Among Students in California’s Public University System. Journal of Health Psychology: 135910531878302, June 1.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105318783028.
  24. McArthur, Laura Helena, Lanae Ball, Ariel C. Danek, and Donald Holbert. 2018. A High Prevalence of Food Insecurity Among University Students in Appalachia Reflects a Need for Educational Interventions and Policy Advocacy. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 50 (6): 564–572.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2017.10.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meza, Anthony, Emily Altman, Suzanna Martinez, and Cindy W. Leung. 2018. “It’s a Feeling That One Is Not Worth Food”: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Psychosocial Experience and Academic Consequences of Food Insecurity Among College Students. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, December 12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.09.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Morris, Loran, Sylvia Smith, Jeremy Davis, and Dawn Bloyd Null. 2016. The Prevalence of Food Security and Insecurity Among Illinois University Students Response Letter. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 48 (9): 376–382.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2016.07.017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Murphy, J. Michael, Cheryl A. Wehler, Maria E. Pagano, Michelle Little, Ronald E. Kleinman, and Michael S. Jellinek. 1998. Relationship Between Hunger and Psychosocial Functioning in Low-Income American Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 37 (2): 163–170.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199802000-00008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. O’Neill, Marissa, and Jennifer Maguire. 2017. College Students Self-Reported Food Insecurity and Correlations with Health and Academic Performance. Journal of Behavioral & Social Sciences 4: 34–40.Google Scholar
  29. Patton-López, Megan M., Daniel F. López-Cevallos, Doris I. Cancel-Tirado, and Leticia Vazquez. 2014. Prevalence and Correlates of Food Insecurity among Students Attending a Midsize Rural University in Oregon. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 46 (3): 209–214.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2013.10.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Payne-Sturges, Devon C., Allison Tjaden, Kimberly M. Caldeira, Kathryn B. Vincent, and Amelia M. Arria. 2018. Student Hunger on Campus: Food Insecurity Among College Students and Implications for Academic Institutions. American Journal of Health Promotion 32 (2): 349–354.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117117719620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Phillips, Erica, Anne McDaniel, and Alicia Croft. 2018. Food Insecurity and Academic Disruption Among College Students. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice 55 (4): 353–372.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19496591.2018.1470003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reid, Lori L. 2000. The Consequences of Food Insecurity for Child Well-Being: An Analysis of Children’s School Achievement, Psychological Well-Being, and Health. Report. Department of Sociology, Florida State University. Joint Center for Poverty Research. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.194.7912&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  33. Shankar, Priya, Rainjade Chung, and Deborah A. Frank. 2017. Association of Food Insecurity with Children’s Behavioral, Emotional, and Academic Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 38 (2): 135–150.  https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Silva, Meghan R., Whitney L. Kleinert, A. Victoria Sheppard, Kathryn A. Cantrell, Darren J. Freeman-Coppadge, Elena Tsoy, Tangela Roberts, and Melissa Pearrow. 2015. The Relationship Between Food Security, Housing Stability, and School Performance Among College Students in an Urban University. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice 19 (3): 284–299.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1521025115621918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Simon, Ashley Uyeshiro, Stephanie Bianco, Keiko Goto, and Jenny Breed. 2018. Factors Associated with Food Insecurity and Food Assistance Program Participation Among University Students. Californian Journal of Health Promotion 16 (1): 73–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. van Woerden, Irene, Daniel Hruschka, and Meg Bruening. 2018. Food Insecurity Negatively Impacts Academic Performance. Journal of Public Affairs: E1864, November 26.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pa.1864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Watson, Tyler D., Hannah Malan, Deborah Glik, and Suzanna M. Martinez. 2017. College Students Identify University Support for Basic Needs and Life Skills as Key Ingredient in Addressing Food Insecurity on Campus. California Agriculture 71 (3): 130–138.  https://doi.org/10.3733/ca.2017a0023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Weaver, Robert R., Nicole A. Vaugh, Sean P. Hendricks, Penny E. McPherson-Myers, Qian Jia, Shari L. Willis, and Kevin P. Rescigo. 2019. University Student Food Insecurity and Academic Performance. Journal of American College Health, May 7.  https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1600522.
  39. Wooten, Ruth, Marsha Spence, Sarah Colby, and Elizabeth Anderson Steeves. 2018. Assessing Food Insecurity Prevalence and Associated Factors among College Students Enrolled in a University in the Southeast USA. Public Health Nutrition 22 (3): 383–390.  https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980018003531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North TexasDentonUSA

Personalised recommendations