Green Heroes pp 187-192 | Cite as

Vandana Shiva – Defending Traditional Agriculture

  • László Erdős


Vandana Shiva is the best-known proponent of traditional agriculture. She heavily criticises intensification, the use of high-yielding varieties, chemical fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation, and machinery, which result in biodiversity loss, water shortage, pollution, farmers’ indebtedness, social conflicts, and serious health effects. Vandana Shiva favours traditional methods, which are adapted to local conditions and are able to produce food without hazarding ecological and social integrity. In 1991 Shiva launched the Navdanya movement, which has created more than hundred seed banks, and collected and saved thousands of local plant varieties. Also, Vandana Shiva criticises GMOs. According to her, traditional agriculture, diverse farming systems, and local varieties provide more food of better quality than GMOs.


Agro-ecosystem Organic agriculture Green revolution Ecofeminism Intensification Industrial agriculture Monoculture GMO Navdanya Seed bank Local plant varieties Biopiracy 

Worth Reading

  1. Shiva, V. (1993). Monocultures of the mind: Perspectives on biodiversity and biotechnology. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  2. Shiva, V. (2000). Stolen harvest: The hijacking of the global food supply. Cambridge: South End Press.Google Scholar
  3. Shiva, V. (2013). Making peace with the Earth. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  4. Shiva, V. (2015). Soil not oil: Environmental justice in an age of climate crisis. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
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  6. Shiva, V. (2016b). Biopiracy: The plunder of nature and knowledge. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
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  8. Shiva, V. (2016d). Who really feeds the world? The failures of agribusiness and the promise of agroecology. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.Google Scholar

Worth Browsing

  1. Worth Watching

    1. Seeds of Life (2003)Google Scholar
    2. The World According to Monsanto (2008)Google Scholar
    3. Mad Cow Sacred Cow (2009)Google Scholar
    4. Seeds of Freedom (2012)Google Scholar
    5. Seeds of Death: Unveiling the Lies of GMO's (2012)Google Scholar
    6. GMO OMG (2013)Google Scholar
    7. Revolution Food (2015)Google Scholar
    8. Seed: The Untold Story (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • László Erdős
    • 1
  1. 1.MTA-DE Lendület Functional and Restoration Ecology Research Group, DebrecenInstitute of Ecology and Botany MTA Centre for Ecological ResearchVácrátótHungary

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