Ingrid Newkirk, Alex Pacheco, and PETA

  • László Erdős


Ingrid Newkirk prepared for a career as a stockbroker, while Alex Pacheco wanted to become a Catholic priest. Today they are known as the founders of PETA, the world’s largest animal advocacy organisation. The newly formed group became widely known after the case of the Silver Spring monkeys, during which Pacheco infiltrated a laboratory to document the violations of animal protection regulations. Besides infiltrations, PETA’s repertoire includes a variety of other tactics to help animals: demonstrations, on-line petitions, the publication of books, leaflets and videos, the operation of animal shelters, and lobbying. Also, PETA has numerous celebrity supporters and the organisation creatively uses erotic photos to convey animal advocacy messages. Thanks to PETA, more and more people are willing to accept that it is morally not acceptable to exploit animals.


Silver Spring monkeys Vegetarianism Anti-fur campaign Stars and animal advocacy Celebrities Infiltration 

Worth Reading

  1. Newkirk, I. (1999). You can save the animals: 251 simple ways to stop thoughtless cruelty. Rocklin: Prima.Google Scholar
  2. Newkirk, I. (Ed.). (2002). The PETA celebrity cookbook: Delicious vegetarian recipes from your favorite stars. New York: Lantern Books.Google Scholar
  3. Newkirk, I. (2005). Making kind choices: Everyday ways to enhance your life through earth- and animal-friendly living. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.Google Scholar
  4. Newkirk, I. (2006). 50 awesome ways kids can help animals: Fun and easy ways to be a kind kid. Boston: Warner Books.Google Scholar
  5. Newkirk, I. (2009). The PETA practical guide to animal rights. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.Google Scholar
  6. Newkirk, I. (2012). Free the animals! The amazing true story of the animal liberation front in North America. New York: Lantern Books.Google Scholar
  7. PETA, & Newkirk, I. (1993). The compassionate cook: Or, please don’t eat the animals! New York: Warner Books.Google Scholar

Worth Watching

  1. The 8 Secrets of How PETA Works (2014)Google Scholar
  2. Nonviolence Includes Animals (2014)Google Scholar
  3. I Am an Animal: The Story of Ingrid Newkirk and PETA (2007)Google Scholar
  4. The Age of Beasts (2017)Google Scholar
  5. Changing Minds, Changing Times: A PETA Family Album (1991)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • László Erdős
    • 1
  1. 1.MTA-DE Lendület Functional and Restoration Ecology Research Group, DebrecenInstitute of Ecology and Botany MTA Centre for Ecological ResearchVácrátótHungary

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