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Water Governance in the UAE

  • Abdulrahman S. Alsharhan
  • Zeinelabidin E. Rizk
Chapter
  • 57 Downloads
Part of the World Water Resources book series (WWR, volume 3)

Abstract

This chapter is based mainly on the UAE Ministry of Energy of Environment and Water’s reports on water-conservation strategy and the state of environment (MOEW Water conservation strategy. Ministry of Environment and Water, United Arab Emirates, p 212, 2010; MEOW State of environment report. Ministry of Environment and Water, United Arab Emirates, p 36, 2015), the Ministry of Energy’s corporate booklet (MOE Corporate booklet. First edition 2016, Ministry of Energy, UAE, p 8, 2016) and the Ministry of Climate Change and Environment’s website (MOCCAE Ministry of Environment and Water, Website. https://www.moccae.gov.ae/en/home.aspx, 2017).

In the UAE, the MOEW (Water conservation strategy. Ministry of Environment and Water, United Arab Emirates, p 212, 2010) described: “The legislations and regulations governing natural conventional water resources are conducted on the level of each emirate, while the national policies, strategies and legislations are retained with the federal government. Therefore, emirates are directly responsible for managing their natural water resources, while the Ministry of Energy (MOE) is mainly responsible Federal Authority for decision-making at the country’s strategic level”.

On the federal level: “The MOE (Corporate booklet. First edition 2016, Ministry of Energy, UAE, p 8, 2016) is responsible for decision making in issues related water desalination but no clear delegation of authority is given to any ministry for management of treated wastewater. The Ministry of Climate Change and Environment (MOCCAE) is indirectly responsible for non-conventional water resources in the context of its duties to protect the environment from pollution resulting from their production and application”.

Water resources conservation, demand and sustainability are the responsibility of the MOE (Corporate booklet. First edition 2016, Ministry of Energy, UAE, p 8, 2016): “According to the Federal Law (24) for the year 1999. However, most organizations involved in water governance are found at the emirate level, and the institutional systems in the seven emirates have developed independently of each other”.

The agreements made at the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) level has created harmony and coordination between the emirate and federal levels (MOEW Water conservation strategy. Ministry of Environment and Water, United Arab Emirates, p 212, 2010): “In terms of roles and responsibilities, the agreements on regulatory and legal standards and desalinated water operations, for example, were translated into action at the federal and emirate levels”.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdulrahman S. Alsharhan
    • 1
  • Zeinelabidin E. Rizk
    • 2
  1. 1.Middle East Geological and Environmental EstablishmentDubaiUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.University of Science and Technology of FujairahFujairahUnited Arab Emirates

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