Development of Testing Method for Static Electrification Within Power Transformer Using Suspended Cellulose Fibers in Insulating Oil

  • Masanobu YoshidaEmail author
  • Soichi Moriguchi
  • Gaku Sato
  • Yoshinori Konishi
  • Masayuki Hasegawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 598)


This paper describes a new testing method that has been developed to estimate the quantity of electrification in a power transformer. In addition, the influence that the degradation of both a press board (PB; consists of cellulose fibers) and insulating oil has on static electrification can be evaluated by using the new testing method. In this testing method, cellulose fibers that are suspended in insulating oil in a transformer were used. These fibers might come off from the PB and the surface of insulating paper in a transformer. It was considered these cellulose fibers were useful samples for estimating the electrification level of a PB in an actual power transformer. The insulating oil was taken from a running power transformer, and cellulose fibers in the oil were filtered with a metal filter. This filtering process was isolated from the air. These cellulose fibers and insulating oil (oil with cellulose removed) were testing samples for measuring the quantity of electrification in the static electrification process. Static electrification occurs when insulating oil flows over cellulose fibers on a metal filter. The volume of electrification in the static electrification process can be known by measuring the electric current on a conductor connected between the metal filter and the ground. Experimental results showed that the volume of electrification on a degraded PB was larger than that of a new PB. Besides, there was also a tendency for the volume of electrification on degraded insulation oil (large value for electrostatic charging tendency) to be larger than that of new insulation oil.


Power transformer Static electrification Cellulose fiber 


  1. 1.
    Morin II, A.J., Zahn, M., Melcher, J.R.: Fluid electrification measurements of transformer pressboard/oil insulation in a couette charger. IEEE Trans. Electr. Insul. 26(5), 870–901 (1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lee, M.J., Nelson, J.K.: Flow-induced electrification and partial discharge measurements in transformer duct structures. IEEE Trans. Electr. Insul. 26(4), 739–748 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oommen, T.V., Lindgren, S.R.: Streaming electrification study of transformer insulation system using a paper tube model. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 5(2), 972–983 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kedzia, J.: Investigation of transformer oil electrification in a spinning disk system. IEEE Trans. Electr. Insul. 24(1), 59–65 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oommen, T.V., Petrie, E.M.: Electrostatic charging tendency of transformer oils. IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst. 103(7), 1923–1931 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    CIGRE JWG 12/15: Static Electrification in Power Transformers, GIGRE Technical Brochure 170 (2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Electric Technology Research Association: The guideline for refurbishment of electric power transformers. Electr. Technol. Res. 1(65) (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sato, G.: Study of evaluation method of electrostatic charge tendency for transformers oil by continuous circulating measurement. In: IEEJ PES 2010, no. 272 (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yoshida, M.: Diagnosis method of aging degradation for power transformer using cellulose fibers in insulating oil. CIGRE SC A2 & C4 JOINT COLLOQUIUM (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masanobu Yoshida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Soichi Moriguchi
    • 1
  • Gaku Sato
    • 2
  • Yoshinori Konishi
    • 2
  • Masayuki Hasegawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Chubu Electric Power CompanyNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.YUKA Industries Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations