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Nanovaccines pp 181-231 | Cite as

Chitosan-Based Mucosal Nanovaccines

  • Sergio Rosales-Mendoza
  • Omar González-Ortega
Chapter

Abstract

The race for vaccine development has as priority the formulation of subunit vaccines capable of developing robust and safe immune responses, which will overcome the disadvantages of the vaccines formulated with whole pathogens, namely high reactogenicity and in some cases the risk to develop the disease to which the vaccine is supposed to protect against. Moreover, the development of efficacious vaccines against non-communicable diseases imposes the challenge of efficiently breaking the immune tolerance against self-antigens. Chitosan is an attractive polymer that has been employed to develop nanovaccines with promising findings in preclinical evaluations. In the present chapter, an overview of the nanovaccines based on chitosan nanoparticles targeting human and animal diseases is presented. Chitosan-based nanovaccines have shown promising efficacy in animal models of several diseases with many of them being highly immunogenic when administered by mucosal routes, which are the most attractive approach for massive and painless immunization. Clinical evaluation of some chitosan-based adjuvants adds potential to this field.

Keywords

Antigen delivery nanoparticle Adjuvant Immunogenicity Ionotropic gelation Complex coacervation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Rosales-Mendoza
    • 1
  • Omar González-Ortega
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud y BiomedicinaUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí San Luis PotosíMexico

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