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Muscle Injury Classification and Grading Systems

  • Bruce HamiltonEmail author
  • Noel Pollock
  • Gustaaf Reurink
  • Robert-Jan de Vos
  • Craig Purdam
  • Kristian Thorborg
Chapter
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

The process of injury classification theoretically allows for the detailed taxonomic description of muscle injuries. Accurate classification has the potential to allow the implementation of specific anatomical treatment approaches, to allow for a meaningful re-injury risk assessment and to allow for effective comparison between treatment approaches. Effective grading of muscle injuries has the purpose of allowing practitioners to provide athletes and coaches with an effective prognosis for a return to play. As a result of renewed interest in recent years, significant progress has been made in both the classification and grading of muscle injury, but still, there remains little consensus and many questions. This chapter addresses recent developments in both the classification and grading of muscle injury.

Keywords

Classification Grading Severity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Hamilton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Noel Pollock
    • 2
  • Gustaaf Reurink
    • 3
  • Robert-Jan de Vos
    • 4
  • Craig Purdam
    • 5
  • Kristian Thorborg
    • 6
  1. 1.High Performance Sport NZMillennium Institute of Sport and HealthAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Institute of Sport, Exercise and HealthLondonUK
  3. 3.Academic Centre of Evidence Based Sports MedicineAmsterdam University Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineErasmus MC University Medical CentreRotterdamThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Physiotherapy DepartmentUniversity of CanberraBruceAustralia
  6. 6.Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Orthopedic Research Center—Copenhagen (SORC-C)Amager-Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen UniversityCopenhagenDenmark

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