The Rise of Unemployment in the Cyber Economy

  • Vladimir S. OsipovEmail author
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


The goal of this chapter is to assess the impact of the transition to a digital economy on the labor force. To achieve this goal, the methods of analysis, synthesis, comparison, and statistic modeling have been used. Digital technologies are becoming increasingly ubiquitous and while raising labor efficiency, there are negative impacts on workers who lose employment. How to solve the problem of a redundant workforce is a critical issue as there is no strategy for this adaptation. Active and passive measures to combat technological unemployment, proposed by scientists and politicians, are ineffective and cannot realistically provide a livelihood for the huge number of workers released. Therefore, the question of the displacement of living objects by IT objects remains open. The results obtained in the course of this study can be used in further studies on structural (technological) unemployment and the problems of the labor market in the cyber economy.


Digital economy Digitalization Structural unemployment Technological unemployment Cyber economy 

JEL Code

O14 O25 O33 


  1. Berberov AB (2017) Robotization and technological unemployment of XXI century: revival of Luddizm? Mosc Econ J 3:20Google Scholar
  2. Bogoviz AV et al (2019) Comparative analysis of formation of Industry 4.0 in developed and developing countries. Stud Syst Decis Control 169:155–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bregman R (2017) Utopian thinking: the easy way to eradicate poverty. The Guardian, 6 MarchGoogle Scholar
  4. Brynjolfsson E, Mcafee A (2014) The second machine age: work, progress, and prosperity in a time of brilliant technologies. WW Norton & Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Dorofeyev MA et al (2018) Trends and prospects for the development of blockchain and cryptocurrencies in the digital economy. Eur Res Stud J 21(3):429–445Google Scholar
  6. Dorskaia АА, Pashentsev DА et al (2016) Higher educational institutions of Russia as a subject of economic activity: innovations and their legal support. J Adv Res Law Econ 7(6):1338–1345Google Scholar
  7. Florida R (2011) The great reset: how the post-crash economy will change the way we live and work. Harper Paperbacks, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Ford M (2015) Rise of the robots: technology and the threat of a jobless future. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Frey CB, Osborne MA (2013) The future of employment: how susceptible are jobs to computerization? Working paper, Oxford Martin SchoolGoogle Scholar
  10. Jaimovich N, Siu HE (2012) The trend is the cycle: job polarization and jobless recoveries. Working paper # 18334, National Bureau of Economic Research, AugustGoogle Scholar
  11. Kapelushnikov R (2017) Technological progress—workplaces eater? Preprint WP3/2017/03Google Scholar
  12. Kapelushnikov R (2018) “Influence of the fourth industrial revolution on the labor market”, stork on the roof. Demogr Mag 6(6):32–36Google Scholar
  13. Karpov VK (2017) Robotization and its place in the digital economy. Russ Agrofood Policy 8(68):32–39Google Scholar
  14. Kiseleva IA et al (2018) Risk management in business: concept, types, evaluation criteria. Espacios 39(27):18Google Scholar
  15. Medovnikov D et al (2017) Digital economics: global trends and practice of Russian business. High School of Economics, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  16. Onimode B (1982) Imperialism and underdevelopment in Nigeria: the dialectics of mass poverty. Zed Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Osipov VS (2013) The wheel of competition as a new instrument of strategic management. World Appl Sci J 27(8):1083–1086Google Scholar
  18. Osipov VS (2017) The role of import substitution in forming the new model of development. Intellect Innov Invest 5:24–31Google Scholar
  19. Osipov VS (2018) The policy of digitalization: necessary of live labor protection. Intellect Innov Invest 6:42–46Google Scholar
  20. Pissarides CA (1990) Equilibrium unemployment theory. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  21. Reinert ES (2009) Spontant Kaos. Økonomi I en ulvetid. Forlaget Res Publica, OsloGoogle Scholar
  22. Schultz TW (1993) The economics of being poor. Blackwell Publishers, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  23. Schwab K, Davis N (2018) Shaping the fourth industrial revolution. World Economic Forum, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  24. Sigarev AV et al (2018) The role of chains in the Russian retail sector. Eur Res Stud J 21(1):542–554Google Scholar
  25. Silvestrov SN et al (2015) Introduction to the theory of economic dysfunction. Mediterr J Soc Sci 6(3):394–399Google Scholar
  26. Standing G (2008) How cash transfers promote the case for basic income. Basic Income Stud 3(1):1–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stroiteleva TG et al (2019) Peculiarities and problems of formation of Industry 4.0 in modern Russia. Stud Syst Decis Control 169:145–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Timberg S (2013) Jaron Lanier: the Internet destroyed the middle class. 12 May
  29. Usman WCh (2017) “Universal basic income: a review”, social science research network, 4 August.
  30. Voronov AS et al (2018) Current issues in assessment of risks related to investment projects. Int J Eng Technol (UAE) 7(3.15):336–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zemtsov SP (2018) Can robots be able to replace people? Automation risk Assessment in the regions of Russia. Innovations 4:49–55Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MGIMO UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations