Prosecution of Foreign Fighter Returnees
Most Western governments have relied on the prosecution of foreign fighter returnees as a way of punishing those who went to Syria and Iraq to fight for ISIS and other extremist groups. Hundreds of foreign fighter returnees have been prosecuted and imprisoned in their home countries. The chapter dwells on the challenges associated with the prosecution of foreign fighter returnees. In addition to the difficulties associated with the prosecution itself, imprisonment of violent extremists carries the threat of prison-based radicalization. The chapter examines the dynamics of prison-based radicalization and analyzes the imprisonment option as it relates to foreign fighter returnees.