Advertisement

Scrip and the Taking of the Minnesota Half Breed Tract

  • David Ress
Chapter

Abstract

By the early 1850s, pressure to take control of the Minnesota Half Breed Tract had proved irresistible. Politically connected speculators looking for ways to carve up and sell off the land, unable to acquire land through treaty negotiations, looked to a refinement of an earlier land allocation mechanism: a financial security similar to the land warrants issued to ex-soldiers for land for so-called military bounty lands in Illinois, Arkansas and Missouri. The effect was to transform land into a kind of financial asset rather than a good to be acquired by labor or by virtue of “discovery.”

Keywords

Scrip Financial derivatives Land warrants Minnesota Half Breed Tract Landholding 

References

  1. Acts of Kentucky, 30th General Assembly, Frankfort, 1821.Google Scholar
  2. William Clark Papers, vol. G, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.Google Scholar
  3. Congressional Globe, 33rd Congress, 1st session.Google Scholar
  4. Congressional Globe, 37th Congress, 2nd Session.Google Scholar
  5. Green v. Biddle, 21 US (8 Wheat.) 1 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1823).Google Scholar
  6. Half Breed Scrip, Chippewas of Lake Superior, Correspondence and Action, (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1872).Google Scholar
  7. “Land Scrip Issued by the Indian Office,” Report of the Commissioner, Part 1 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1905), p. 69.Google Scholar
  8. Peter Pitchlynn’s memorial, Report of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, February 15 1859, Senate Report No. 374, pp. 9–16Google Scholar
  9. “Register of Sioux Half Breed Scrip Entries April 23 1857 to May 1 1861,” U.S. General Land Office Red Wing Land District, Minnesota Historical Society, State Archives, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  10. “Report of the Committee on Indian Affairs”, March 15, 1836, Senate Document 246, 24th Congress, 1st session.Google Scholar
  11. Senate Executive Journal, 25th Congress, 3rd session.Google Scholar
  12. “Sioux Lands or Reservation in Minnesota Territory,” Reports of Committees of the House of Representatives Made During the First session of the Thirty-third Congress, Washington, 1854, vol. 2, Report 138.Google Scholar
  13. Treaty of LaPointe (September 30 1854) 10 Stat. 1109.Google Scholar
  14. Treaty of Prairie du Chien (July 15 1830), 7 Stat. 328.Google Scholar
  15. Brohough, Gustav, Sioux and Chippewa Half Breed Scrip and Its Application to the Minnesota Pinelands (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1906).Google Scholar
  16. Chapman, Berlin B., The Otoes and the Missourias, A Study of Indian Removal and the Legal Aftermath, (Oklahoma City: Times-Journal Publishing, 1965).Google Scholar
  17. Curtiss-Wedge, Franklyn, History of Wabasha County, Minnesota (Winona, Minn.: H.C. Cooper, 1920).Google Scholar
  18. Folwell, William Watt, History of Minnesota (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1922).Google Scholar
  19. Priest, Claire, “Creating an American Property Law: Alienability and Its Limits in American History,” Harvard Law Review, Vol. 120, 2006, p. 386–458.Google Scholar
  20. Story, Joseph, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States (Boston: Little Brown, 1873).Google Scholar
  21. Wishart, David J., “The Dispossession of the Pawnee,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 69, No. 3 (September, 1979) pp. 382–401.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Ress
    • 1
  1. 1.Newport NewsUSA

Personalised recommendations