Perspectives on Juveniles Incarcerated in Secure Facilities

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski


Youth adjudicated delinquent are given either determinate dispositions (incarceration for a specific amount of time) or indeterminate dispositions (release on parole on the recommendation of a release committee). The population of long-term correctional facilities is predominately composed of hard core serious offenders. In additional to the secure facilities, juvenile correctional facilities include training schools, forestry camps, reception centers, and shelter homes. Some juveniles tried as adults are held in adult correctional facilities.

Youth held in secure facilities are classified and provided with treatment according to their dangerousness, needs, and maturity (age). Educational and vocational programs are used, along with various types of individual and group therapy and counseling.

The institutions for females are generally less secure and may emphasis different types of programming. Often the administration of secure correctional facilities must focus more on security than on treatment. Some treatment programs are geared toward promoting security in the institution rather than the needs of the youth.


Determinate dispositions Indeterminate dispositions Juvenile correctional facilities Detention centers Jails Inmate life minimum standards Youth leader roles Levels of security Programming 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Kratcoski
    • 1
  • Lucille Dunn Kratcoski
    • 2
  • Peter Christopher Kratcoski
    • 3
  1. 1.Sociology/Justice StudiesKent State UniversityTallmadgeUSA
  2. 2.TallmadgeUSA
  3. 3.Williams, Welser & Kratcoski LLCKentUSA

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