Advertisement

What Next? Back to the Future

  • Aaro Toomela
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Abstract

In this chapter, structural-systemic causality theory that can ground metaparadigmatic science is defined. This theory is not new; it grounded continental European psychology already more than century ago but disappeared after North-American behaviorism based psychology became dominant after the WWII. Arguments are provided to support the idea that structural-systemic causality theory is more powerful and may be better suited to ground psychology than the theories of causality followed in psychology today.

Keywords

Metaparadigmatic psychology Structural-systemic causality 

References

  1. Allendorf, F. W., & Hard, J. J. (2009). Human-induced evolution caused by unnatural selection through harvest of wild animals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(Suppl. 1), 9987–9994.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0901069106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Calkins, M. W. (1900). Psychology as science of selves. Philosophical Review, 9(5), 490–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlile, W. (1895a). Reality and causation. Part I. Mind, 4(13), 82–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlile, W. (1895b). Reality and causation. Part II. Mind, 4(14), 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hobhouse, L. T. (1901). Mind in evolution. London: MacMillan and Co.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. James, W. (1950). The principles of psychology. Authorized edition in two volumes. Volume one. (Originally published in 1890). New York, NY: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
  7. Kirkpatrick, E. A. (1909). Genetic psychology. An introduction to an objective and genetic view of intelligence. New York, NY: The MacMillan Company.Google Scholar
  8. Koffka, K. (1935). Principles of gestalt psychology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  9. Köhler, W. (1959). Gestalt psychology. An introduction to new concepts in modern psychology. New York, NY: Mentor Books.Google Scholar
  10. Külpe, O. (1909). Outlines of psychology. London: Swan Sonnenschein and Co.Google Scholar
  11. Ladd, G. T. (1894). Psychology descriptive and explanatory. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  12. Piaget, J. (1970). Structuralism. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  13. Popper, K. (1994). Conjectures and refutations. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Popper, K. (2002a). The logic of scientific discovery. (Originally published in German in 1935). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Popper, K. (2002b). The poverty of historicism. (First English edition published in 1957). London: Routledge Classics.Google Scholar
  16. Smith, B. (2009). Toward a realistic science of environments. Ecological Psychology, 21, 121–130.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10407410902877090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sully, J. (1892). The human mind. A text-book of psychology. In two volumes (Vol. 1). London: Longmans, Green and Co.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Titchener, E. B. (1898). The postulates of a structural psychology. Philosophical Review, 7(5), 449–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Titchener, E. B. (1899). Structural and functional psychology. Philosophical Review, 8(3), 290–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Toomela, A. (2000). Activity theory is a dead end for cultural-historical psychology. Culture and Psychology, 6(3), 353–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Toomela, A. (2007). Culture of science: Strange history of the methodological thinking in psychology. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 41(1), 6–20.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-007-9004-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Toomela, A. (2008a). Activity theory is a dead end for methodological thinking in cultural psychology too. Culture and Psychology, 14(3), 289–303.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X08088558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Toomela, A. (2008b). Variables in psychology: A critique of quantitative psychology. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 42(3), 245–265.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-008-9059-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Toomela, A. (2009). How methodology became a toolbox: And how it escapes from that box. In J. Valsiner, P. Molenaar, M. Lyra, & N. Chaudhary (Eds.), Dynamic process methodology in the social and developmental sciences (pp. 45–66). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Toomela, A. (2010a). Methodology of idiographic science: Limits of single-case studies and the role of typology. In S. Salvatore, J. Valsiner, J. T. Simon, & A. Gennaro (Eds.), Yearbook of idiographic science, volume 2/2009 (pp. 13–33). Rome: Firera & Liuzzo Publishing.Google Scholar
  26. Toomela, A. (2010b). Poverty of modern mainstream psychology in autobiography. Reflections on A History of Psychology in Autobiography, Volume IX. Culture and Psychology, 16(1), 127–144.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X09344892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Toomela, A. (2010c). Quantitative methods in psychology: Inevitable and useless. Frontiers in Psychology, 1(29), 1–14.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Toomela, A. (2011). Travel into a fairy land: A critique of modern qualitative and mixed methods psychologies. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 45(1), 21–47.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-010-9152-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Toomela, A. (2012). Guesses on the future of cultural psychology: Past, present, and past. In J. Valsiner (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of culture and psychology (pp. 998–1033). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Toomela, A. (2014a). Methodology of cultural-historical psychology. In A. Yasnitsky, R. van der Veer, & M. Ferrari (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of cultural-historical psychology (pp. 99–125). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Toomela, A. (2014b). There can be no cultural-historical psychology without neuropsychology. And vice versa. In A. Yasnitsky, R. van der Veer, & M. Ferrari (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of cultural-historical psychology (pp. 315–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Toomela, A. (2015). Vygotsky’s theory on the Procrustes’ bed of linear thinking: Looking for structural-systemic Theseus to save the idea of ‘social formation of mind’. Culture and Psychology, 21(3), 318–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Toomela, A. (2016a). Kultuur, kõne ja Minu Ise. (Culture, speech, and My Self). Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus.Google Scholar
  34. Toomela, A. (2016b). Six meanings of the history of science: The case of psychology. In S. H. Klempe & R. Smith (Eds.), Centrality of history for theory construction in psychology (pp. 47–73). Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Toomela, A. (2016c). The ways of scientific anticipation: From guesses to probabilities and from there to certainty. In M. Nadin (Ed.), Anticipation across disciplines (pp. 255–273). Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Toomela, A. (2016d). What are higher psychological functions? Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 50(1), 91–121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Toomela, A. (2017). Minu Ise areng: Inimlapsest Inimeseks. (development of my self: From the human child to the human.). Tartu: Väike Vanker.Google Scholar
  38. Toomela, A. (2018a). Thoughts on the Contextual Cognition: Another Déjà vu. In A. Ibanez & A. M. Garcia (Eds.), Contextual cognition. The sensus communis of a situated mind (pp. 85–95). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. Toomela, A. (2018b). Vygotskian (but only partly Vygotsky’s) understanding of special education. Educacao: Revista Quadrimestral. Porto Alegre, 41(3), 347–361.  https://doi.org/10.15448/1981-2582.2018.3.31795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Toomela, A., & Valsiner, J. (2010). Methodological thinking in psychology: 60 years gone astray? Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  41. Valsiner, J. (2012). A guided science. History of psychology in the mirror of its making. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  42. von Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General system theory. Foundations, development, applications. New York, NY: George Braziller.Google Scholar
  43. Vygotsky, L. S. (1982). Problema razvitija v strukturnoi psikhologii. Kriticheskoje issledovanije. (Problem of development in structural psychology. A critical study. Originally published in 1934). In A. R. Luria & M. G. Jaroshevskii (Eds.), L. S. Vygotsky. Sobranije sochinenii. Tom 1. Voprosy teorii i istorii psikhologii (pp. 238–290). Moscow: Pedagogika.Google Scholar
  44. Vygotsky, L. S. (1994). The problem of the cultural development of the child. (Originally published in 1929). In R. V. D. Veer & J. Valsiner (Eds.), The Vygotsky reader (pp. 57–72). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  45. Watson, G. (1934). Psychology in Germany and Austria. Psychological Bulletin, 31(10), 755–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Werner, H. (1948). Comparative psychology of mental development. New York, NY: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  47. Werner, H. (1978). The concept of development from a comparative and organismic point of view. In S. S. Barten & M. B. Franklin (Eds.), Developmental process. Heinz Werner’s selected writings. Volume 1. General theory and perceptual experience (pp. 107–130). New York, NY: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  48. Wertheimer, M. (1925). Über Gestaltheorie. Erlangen: Weltkreis-Verlag.Google Scholar
  49. Wundt, W. (1896). Lectures on human and animal psychology. (Translated from the second German edition). London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co.Google Scholar
  50. Wundt, W. (1897). Outlines of psychology. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelman.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaro Toomela
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Natural Sciences and HealthTallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations