Human Meaning-Making: Communication Tools and Modes and Epistemic Practices

  • Regine HampelEmail author


This chapter sketches out the development of communication, from early tools and modes such as the body and gesture used by early primates to the digital media that are used by humans today. It also considers the affordances of different communication modes and reflects on how the changes in how we communicate have had an impact on our epistemic practices. This sets the scene for exploring the shift in communication tools and modes in language learning and teaching settings that have been the result of the introduction of new technologies into the language classroom at the centre of the subsequent chapters.


Communication modes Communication tools 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language StudiesThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

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