The Effect of Cutting Speed and Feed on Cutting Forces in Face Milling with Square Shaped Insert

  • János Kundrák
  • Angelos P. MarkopoulosEmail author
  • Nikolaos E. Karkalos
  • Tamás Makkai
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Metal cutting operations are usually employed for the manufacturing of various components in the automotive and aerospace industries. Especially, face milling is particularly preferred for creating high quality surfaces for high-end components, due to its versatility and high efficiency. A major challenge of this process is the achievement of essential goals, such as low surface roughness, minimum deformation and workpiece damage, avoidance of unfavorable residual stresses and at the same time the achievement of high productivity, i.e. high material removal rate. For that reason, it is essential to determine the optimum process parameters in order to reach the necessary compromise between productivity and quality of the manufactured product. In the present study, the effect of feed and cutting speed on cutting forces and specific cutting forces during face milling with square shaped cutting insert is investigated and conclusions are drawn on the importance of each process parameter, as well as the recommended values of these parameters in order to achieve the desired goals.


Metal cutting Face milling Cutting forces Specific cutting forces Square insert 



The authors greatly appreciate the support of the National Research, Development and Innovation Office – NKFIH (No. of Agreement: OTKA K 116876).

This study was carried out as part of the EFOP-3.6.1-16-00011 “Younger and Renewing University – Innovative Knowledge City – institutional development of the University of Miskolc aiming at intelligent specialization” project implemented in the framework of the Szechenyi 2020 program. The realization of this project is supported by the European Union, cofinanced by the European Social Fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • János Kundrák
    • 1
  • Angelos P. Markopoulos
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nikolaos E. Karkalos
    • 2
  • Tamás Makkai
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Manufacturing ScienceUniversity of MiskolcMiskolcHungary
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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