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Catena Patterns as a Reflection of Landscape Internal Heterogeneity

  • Irina A. Avessalomova
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Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 26)

Abstract

Holistic character of a landscape is ensured by radial migration of chemicals among vertical layers and by unidirectional lateral matter and energy flows in catena. This results in emergence of elementary landscape units differing in degree of geochemical autonomy as well as in complication of catena patterns in a landscape. We applied catena analysis to explain internal heterogeneity and to reveal multiplicity of structures on the examples of two taiga regions in East-European plain. The complexity of catena composition is determined by abiotic template and redistribution of matter with lateral flows. Contrast in migration conditions serves as a criterion of internal landscape heterogeneity. Changes in migration conditions at the boundaries between neighboring units create prerequisites for emergence of barrier zones. In agrolandscapes geochemical barriers were detected in the lowest sections of catenas at the contact of cultivated fields and elements of ecological network. Influence of lateral phytobarriers on ionic discharge depends on their retention capacity and differs in various catena types resulting in variability of hydrochemical properties of river water. We demonstrate landscape-geochemical maps which provide the opportunity to reflect patterns emerging at various hierarchical levels. This enables us to project anthropogenic geosystems with proper consideration for landscape heterogeneity.

Keywords

Spatial pattern Heterogeneity Catena Migration Neighborhood Geochemical barrier Retention 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was financially supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 17-05-00447).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irina A. Avessalomova
    • 1
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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