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Actual Changes of Mountainous Landscapes in Inner Asia as a Result of Anthropogenic Effects

  • Kirill V. Chistyakov
  • Svetlana A. GavrilkinaEmail author
  • Elena S. Zelepukina
  • Galina N. Shastina
  • Mikhail I. Amosov
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Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 26)

Abstract

Mountain landscapes’ reactions on global changes are of particular interest since they reproduce long-term trends contributing to generation of forecasts and scenarios for sustainable regional development. The series of observations in mountainous Inner Asia over the climate, the glacier balance, river runoff lasting for about half a century allowed us to clarify the spatial gradients of the geosystem structure and functioning characteristics, and, therefore, resulting in parameterizing their spatial and temporal variability. Digital elevation models (DEM) with the grid points determining the qualitative and quantitative attributes of geosystems, enabled us to analyze the modern landscape structure, to establish probabilistic relationships between the distributions of geographic components, and to estimate the ranges of climatic characteristics within which these components’ balance can be realized. Among the tundra geosystems, the most cold-resistant are the cobresia and dryad ones; herbal species are the least dependent on air temperature, while dwarf shrub tundra tends towards warmer environment. However, grass-sedge and dwarf shrub tundra spreading evidences the critical contribution of geological and geomorphological impacts. Ecological and climatic niches of the normal geosystem functioning can be used in forecasting the landscape transformation under climate changes. The application of statistical methods allows evaluating the contribution of landscape genesis’ various factors to the formation of the high-altitude territory structure.

Keywords

Landscape dynamics Anthropogenic load Climatic changes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work of the geographers of St. Petersburg State University in Inner Asia is supported by RFBR grant 18-05-00860 and Russian Geographical Society (18.63.99.2017).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirill V. Chistyakov
    • 1
  • Svetlana A. Gavrilkina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elena S. Zelepukina
    • 1
    • 2
  • Galina N. Shastina
    • 1
  • Mikhail I. Amosov
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Federal State Budget-Financed Educational Institution of Higher EducationThe Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of TelecommunicationsSt. PetersburgRussia

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