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Polygeosystem Fundamentals of Landscape Science

  • Alexander K. CherkashinEmail author
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Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 26)

Abstract

Long-term experience of landscape research demonstrates the diversity of theoretical descriptions of landscape structures. System analysis leads to understanding the complementarity of knowledge obtained in various directions in landscape science and to the ideas of polysystemacity, polystructuredness, polyfunctionality, and hierarchical structure. We discuss the problem from metatheoretical and intertheoretical positions aimed at the stratification of landscape realities and knowledge on its properties. This means that to describe landscapes we need various system theories reflecting in special terms of connections and changes in both natural and socioeconomic objects on the territory. The landscape as a geographical environment for human activities is treated as the base of fibration. Landscape and landscape-typological map are treated as a fibrated space and as a spatial invariant of decision making in land use. Hence, various applications of landscape knowledge and maps are possible: interpreting mapping, that is, transformation of landscape maps to the maps with special thematic content; assessment mapping aimed at land evaluation; system mapping that is the application of the system concepts and models to describe trends in the territory; and polysystem mapping that is multidimensional modeling of geographical space for various planning tasks and forecasting. Methodology and technology of polygeosystem mapping are described.

Keywords

Polysystem methodology Theory Differentiation Fibration Mapping 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sochava Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

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