Dendrochronological Indication of Landscape Spatiotemporal Organization in the Northern Taiga of West Siberian Plain and Elbrus Region: Astrophysical and Geophysical Drivers of Bioproductivity

  • Kirill N. Dyakonov
  • Yury N. Bochkarev
Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 26)


We hypothesized that temporal organization is related to intralandscape differentiation in dominant and subdominant units and is controlled by both regional and local scale landscape patterns. Regression methods were used to relate dendrochronological data from the northern West Siberia and the Caucasus to astrophysical predictors (distance between the center of the Sun and the Solar System barycenter, and monthly values of Wolf numbers characterizing solar activity) and geophysical predictors (geomagnetic Aa index and temperature and precipitation values for various periods). Dendrochronologies were processed in order to extract fluctuations for each temporal hierarchical level. Fluctuations and various frequencies of external astrophysical and geophysical factors determine hierarchy in chronoorganization of landscape space, which may be synchronous or asynchronous depending on local conditions. Spatiotemporal organization of landscape functioning is better pronounced in the severe conditions of the northern West Siberia than in mild conditions of the Caucasus. Variability in solar and geomagnetic activity, position of the barycenter of the Solar System, meteorological regime act as the important controls over intra-century and inter-century dynamics of bioproductivity both in mountainous regions and at the northern border of the taiga. At the northern border of the forest zone, these factors are more powerful, with dominance of climatic ones.


Dendrochronology Spatiotemporal organization Climate Fluctuations Astrophysical factors Geophysical factors 



The research was financially supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 19-05-00786).


  1. Beruchashvili, N. L. (1986). Four dimensions of a landscape. Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bitvinskas, T. T. (1974). Dendroclimatic studies. Leningrad: Gydrometeoizdat. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Bochkarev, Y. N., & Dyakonov, K. N. (2009). Dendroсhronological indication of landscape functioning at the northernmost and uppermost borders of forest. Proceedings of Moscow University, Series 5 Geography, 2, 37–50. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Chizhevsky, A. L. (1973). The Earth echo of solar storms. Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  5. Cook, E. R. (1985). A time series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization. Ph.D. thesis. Tucson: Arisona University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dyakonov, K. N. (1975). Impact of large plain water reservoirs of the riparian forests. Leningrad: Gydrometeoizdat. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. Dyakonov, K. N. (1981). Temporal variability of geosystem properties in West Siberia. Proceedings of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Geographical Series, 6, 91–101. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Dyakonov, K. N. (1988). Landscape geophysics. Method of balances. Moscow: MSU Publishing House. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Dyakonov, K.N., Belyakov, A.I., & Bochkarev, Y. N. (2003). Landscape dendrochronology as an actual research direction. In Dendrochronology: Achievements and perspectives (p. 36). Krasnoyarsk. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Fritts, H. C. (1976). Tree-rings and climate. London/San Francisco.Google Scholar
  11. Huber, B. (1943). Über die Sicherheit Jahresringchronologischer Datirung. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 6(10/12), 263–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khoroshev, A. V. (2016). Polyscale organization of a geographical landscape. Moscow: KMK. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. Kolomyts, E. G. (1998). Polymorphism of landscape-zonal systems. Pushchino: ONTI PIC RAN. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Landscheidt, T. (1999). Extrema in sunspot cycle linked linked tusn’ motion. Solar Physics, 189(2), 415–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mamay, I. I. (2005). Landscape dynamics. Research methods. Moscow: MSU Publishing House. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. Ogurtsov, M. G., Kocharov, G. E., & Lindholm, M. (2001). Solar activity and regional climate. Radiocarbon, 43(2), 439–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ogurtsov, M. G., Nagovitsyn, Y. A., Kocharov, G. E., & Jungner, H. (2002). Long-period cycles of the sun’s activity recorded in direct solar data and proxies. Solar Physics, 211, 371–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ogurtsov, M. G., Raspopov, O. M., & Helama, S. (2008). Climatic variability along a North-South transect of Finland over the last 500 years: Signature of solar influence or internal climate oscillations? Geografiska Annaler, 90A(2), 141–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Raman, K. G. (1972). Spatial polystructurality of topological geocomplexes and experience of its identification in the conditions of the Latvian SSR. Riga: Latvian State University Publishing House. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Raspopov, O., Dergachev, V., Kozyreva, O., & Kolstrom, T. (2005). Climate response to de Vries solar cycles: Evidence of Juniperus turkestanica tree rings in Central Asia. Mem. S.A.It., 76, 760.Google Scholar
  21. Reteyum, A. Y. (1970). Changes in natural conditions in the impact zone of Rybinskoye water reservoir. In Impact of water reservoirs in forest zone on adjacent territories (pp. 23–24). Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. Reteyum, A. Y. (1988). The terrestrial worlds (on holistic studying of geosystems). Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. Sochava, V. B. (1978). Introduction to the theory of geosystems. Novosibirsk: Nauka. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Solnetsev, V. N. (1981). System organization of landscapes. Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Vendrov, S. L., & Dyakonov, K. N. (1976). Water reservoirs and natural environment. Moscow: Mysl. (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirill N. Dyakonov
    • 1
  • Yury N. Bochkarev
    • 1
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations