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Dendrochronological Indication of Landscape Spatiotemporal Organization in the Northern Taiga of West Siberian Plain and Elbrus Region: Astrophysical and Geophysical Drivers of Bioproductivity

  • Kirill N. Dyakonov
  • Yury N. Bochkarev
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Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 26)

Abstract

We hypothesized that temporal organization is related to intralandscape differentiation in dominant and subdominant units and is controlled by both regional and local scale landscape patterns. Regression methods were used to relate dendrochronological data from the northern West Siberia and the Caucasus to astrophysical predictors (distance between the center of the Sun and the Solar System barycenter, and monthly values of Wolf numbers characterizing solar activity) and geophysical predictors (geomagnetic Aa index and temperature and precipitation values for various periods). Dendrochronologies were processed in order to extract fluctuations for each temporal hierarchical level. Fluctuations and various frequencies of external astrophysical and geophysical factors determine hierarchy in chronoorganization of landscape space, which may be synchronous or asynchronous depending on local conditions. Spatiotemporal organization of landscape functioning is better pronounced in the severe conditions of the northern West Siberia than in mild conditions of the Caucasus. Variability in solar and geomagnetic activity, position of the barycenter of the Solar System, meteorological regime act as the important controls over intra-century and inter-century dynamics of bioproductivity both in mountainous regions and at the northern border of the taiga. At the northern border of the forest zone, these factors are more powerful, with dominance of climatic ones.

Keywords

Dendrochronology Spatiotemporal organization Climate Fluctuations Astrophysical factors Geophysical factors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research was financially supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 19-05-00786).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirill N. Dyakonov
    • 1
  • Yury N. Bochkarev
    • 1
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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