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The Main Challenges and Their Ethical Nature

  • Kiarash Aramesh
Chapter
Part of the Advancing Global Bioethics book series (AGBIO, volume 15)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the main existing challenges of Global Governance for Health Research, as follow: (1) Exploitation and Helicopter Research, (2) The Problem of Double Standards, (3) Ethical Imperialism and Colonialism, (4) Bilateralism vs. Multilateralism, (5) Biopolitics vs. Bioethics, and (6) The problems associated with Data Sharing, Big Data, and International Collaborations. By discussing these challenges, this chapter shows that the power-relation is a crucial element in all such challenges. Among the above challenges, the first five ones are mostly relevant to research collaborations (and power-relations) between developed and developing countries. The last one, however, is more relevant to the collaborations (and power-relations) among researchers from developed countries, although it can also be relevant to the partnerships between developed and developing countries and even the collaborations among developing countries. It goes without saying that all these challenges have essential and integrated ethical components; therefore, dealing with them needs an ethical framework. The third chapter also uses a model created by Thomas Weiss, titled the “frameworks of gaps,” for shedding more light on the characteristics of these challenges in the context of the current theories of Global Governance. This model formulates the elements of the above challenges within a five-fold set of gaps that exist in the following arenas: (1) Knowledge, (2) Norms, (3) Policies, (4) Institutions, and (5) Compliance.

Keywords

Exploitation Helicopter research Double standards Ethical imperialism Bilateralism Biopolitics Bioethics Data sharing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiarash Aramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Edinboro University of PennsylvaniaEdinboroUSA

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