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Soil Biogeochemistry

  • Debjani SihiEmail author
  • Biswanath Dari
Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Depending upon type and pedogenic stage, soils are subject to biotic and abiotic interactions of complex nature depending on type, nature and specific properties. Soil biogeochemistry involves the study of elemental cycling as mediated by complex and inseparable interactions between the biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components of soils. Human activities have substantially altered biogeochemical cycling of several key elements including carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and other secondary and minor nutrients over the past few decades, which, in turn, had serious environmental consequences. The present chapter outlines the soil biogeochemical investigations conducted within Indian subcontinent in both natural ecosystems and managed agricultural systems and addresses the state-of-the-art in order to understand the undergoing biogeochemical reactions. Here, we sought to clarify complex interactions generally occurred during biogeochemical transformations of an element (or compound) of interest within the type-specific soil. Further, we emphasized the importance of advancing our understanding of feedback loops in soil biogeochemical processes as altered by anthropogenic perturbations in tropical and sub-tropical soils of India. Overall, this chapter is broadly focused on the nutrient cycling, which is followed by more specific topics like “soil microbiology,” “soil biodiversity,” and “soil biotechnology.”

Keywords

Biogeochemical cycles Soil organic matter Nutrient cycling Microbial and enzymatic activity Xenobiotics 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Environmental Sciences DivisionClimate Change Science InstituteOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Aberdeen Research and Extension Center, University of IdahoAberdeenUSA

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