Advertisement

Soil and Industry

  • Bipin B. MishraEmail author
  • Sanjay K. Choudhary
  • Richa Roy
Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Soil has strong linkage with industries as well as industrial opportunities. This chapter highlights different aspects that link soil and its mineral as well as organic fractions including parent rocks and minerals with industries. As raw material for earthenware, brick, tile, mudwall, crockery, idol, doll, toy, etc., the type-specific soils are widely used in different parts of India. In constructions (building, highway, road, dam, embankment or other infrastructures), soil as the raw material plays vital role, but seldom caring for environmental impacts, and thus needs policy intervention. Efforts are made to address each soil function to its relevance in specific industrial framework. The modern Agriculture in India is somehow partially organized industry since the introduction of the first green revolution in 1960. Even the soil, being a huge laboratory for microbiological, photochemical and biogeochemical interactions can be translated into industrial terms covering soil functions including nutrient recycling, biodiversity, humification, carbon sequestration, molecular biotechnology, etc. Emphasis is given on certain emerging as well as future scopes that would enable type-specific soils and clays to be medically used for human health even. Even the electric power as the energy source for industries is necessarily connected to electric earthing that is controlled by type, texture, fineness, moisture-holding capacity and depth of soil.

Keywords

Type-specific soils Industry Raw material Constructions Human health Environment impacts 

References

  1. Adhikari T, Biswas AK, Kundu S (2010) Nano-fertilizer—a new dimension in agriculture. Indian J Fertil 6(8):22–24Google Scholar
  2. Bhat AN, Sidheswaran P (1996) Industrial applications of clays and clay minerals. Clay Res 15A:2, 6–34Google Scholar
  3. Bhatt J and Pandya VP (1998). Adsorption studies of textile dye by organo~clay complexes. Clay Res 17:64–71Google Scholar
  4. Bhattacharya T, Pal DK, Srivastava P (1999) Role of zeolites in persistence of high altitude ferruginous Alfisols of the humid tropical Western Ghats, India. Geoderma 90:263–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bose HN (1948) Modern pottery manufacture. Bright and Singh Publishers, BombayGoogle Scholar
  6. Botkin DB, Keller EA (2003) Environmental science: earth as a living planet. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, USAGoogle Scholar
  7. Ceramics (1988) The random house college dictionary, revised ednGoogle Scholar
  8. Chinnamuthu CR, Boopathi PM (2009) Nanotechnology and agroecosystem. Madras Agric J 96:17–31Google Scholar
  9. Das DK (2003) Clay and clay minerals for soil health and human welfare. J Agric Phys 3(1–2):1–15Google Scholar
  10. de Morais Tony (2009) The Medical Properties of Clay. Winter 2006 Magazine, October 16, 2009Google Scholar
  11. Encyclopaedia (1947) Encyclopaedia Britannica, op. cit.Google Scholar
  12. Encyclopaedia (1962) The American educator encyclopaedia, 1962 ednGoogle Scholar
  13. FAO (2008) An international technical workshop, investing in sustainable crop intensification: the case for improving soil health. Integrated crop management, vol 6. FAO, Rome, p 149Google Scholar
  14. Friedrich T (2008) Managing soil carbon to mitigate climate change: a sound investment in ecosystem services. A framework for action. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Conservation Technology Information Center, Dec 2008Google Scholar
  15. Ghosh SK (1997) Clay research in India. In: 15th Prof. J.N. Mukheljee—ISSS foundation lecture. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 45:637–658Google Scholar
  16. Ghosh SK, Bhattachmya T (1983) Clay minerals—their distribution and genesis in Indian soils. Advances in soil science. Books and Periodicals Agency, New Delhi, pp 216–277Google Scholar
  17. Harish D, Dhanalakshmi TS, Gireesh HR (2016) Power supply using earth battery, vol 4, issue 2. ITSI Transactions on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ITSI-TEEE). ISSN (PRINT): 2320-8945Google Scholar
  18. Hartemink AE (ed) (2006) The future of soil science. International Union of Soil Sciences, Wageningen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  19. IIRR and ACT (2005) Conservation agriculture: a manual for farmers and extension workers in Africa. International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Nairobi; African Conservation Tillage Network, Harare. ISBN 9966-9705-9-2Google Scholar
  20. Indian Bureau of Mines (2013) Laterite. Indian minerals yearbook 2013 (part- III: mineral reviews), 52nd edn. Ministry of Mines, Government of India, Indira Bhavan, Civil Lines, NagpurGoogle Scholar
  21. Indian Bureau of Mines (2015) Indian minerals year book, part III. Govt. of India Ministry of Mines, Indian Bureau of Mines, NagpurGoogle Scholar
  22. Indian Minerals Yearbook (2013) Part- III: mineral reviews: kaolin, ball clay and other clays and shale (advance release), 52nd edn. Government of India, Ministry of Mines, Indian Bureau of Mines, NagpurGoogle Scholar
  23. IS 488 (1963) Bureau of Indian Standards http://www.indiamart.com/horizonenterprises-kutch
  24. Kapoor BS, Singh HB, Goswami SC (1981) Analcime in a sodic profile. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 26:513–515Google Scholar
  25. Koyama T (1963) Gaseous metabolism in lake sediments and paddy soils and the production of atmospheric methane and hydrogen. J Geophys Res 68(13):3971–3973. Bibcode: 1963JGR.68.3971K.  https://doi.org/10.1029/jz068i013p03971
  26. Krishna K (2009) Impact of climate change on India’s monsoon climate and development of high resolution climate change scenarios for India. Presented at MoEF, New Delhi on 14 Oct 2009 (http://www.moef.nic.in)
  27. Krishnamurthy K, Maheshwari C, Nithyavathy N, Mohanasundaram P, Deepasundar P, Thisanth G (2015) Design and development of roof tile production mechanism using advanced embedded processor control. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 4(4):104–110Google Scholar
  28. Kulkarni RP (1973) Soil stabilization by early Indian methods. Maharastra Engineering Research Institute, Nasik, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  29. Kumaran KPN, Padmalal D, Nair KM, Limaye RB, Guleria JS, Srivastava R (2014) Vegetation response and landscape dynamics of Indian summer monsoon variations during holocene: an eco-geomorphological appraisal of tropical evergreen forest subfossil logs. PLoS ONE.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journalCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. MacGregor AN, Keeney DR (1973) Methane formation by lake sediments during in vitro incubations. J Am Water Res Assoc 9(6):1153–1158. Bibcode: 1973JAWRA … 9.1153M.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.1973.tb05854.x
  31. Majumdar RC (1957) The vedic age. George Allem & Unwin Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  32. Mall J, Mishra BB (1994) Occurrence of monazite in some alluvial soils of North Bihar. Curr Sci 66:158–161Google Scholar
  33. Maniyar M, Patil N, Saurabh Jadhav S, Dhokle S (2013) Uninterruptable power supply using earth battery and solar panel. Int J Emerg Technol Comput Appl Sci 3(2):107–112. ISSN (Print): 2279-0047, ISSN (Online): 2279-0055Google Scholar
  34. Manjunatha SB, Biradar DP, Aladakatti YR (2016) Nanotechnology and its applications in agriculture: a review. J Farm Sci 29(1):1–13Google Scholar
  35. Manoharan C, Sutharsan P, Dhanapandian S, Venkatachalapathy R (2012) Characteristics of some clay materials from Tamilnadu, India, and their possible ceramic uses. Cerâmica 58(347). http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132012000300021
  36. Mishra BB (2017) Land economics vs land use planning. Agric Res Technol Open Access J 10(4):555791.  https://doi.org/10.19080/artoaj.2017.10.555791
  37. Mishra BB, Roy R (2015a) Soil science vs medical science: breakthrough in science for medicine. Bus Agric, 38–41Google Scholar
  38. Mishra BB, Roy R (2015b) Soil science vs science for medicine. EC Agric 2(5):454–461Google Scholar
  39. Mukherjee SK, Das SC, Raman KV (1971) Soil mineralogy. In: Review of soil research in India. Indian Society of Soil Science, pp 169–194Google Scholar
  40. Narayan AC (2007) Peat deposits of west coast of India: implications for environmental and climate changes during late quaternary. J Coast Res 50:683–687Google Scholar
  41. Narayana Y, Somashekarappa HM, Karunakara N, Avadhani DN, Mahesh HM, Siddappa K (2001) Natural radioactivity in the soil samples of coastal Karnataka of South India. Health Phys 80(1):24–33Google Scholar
  42. Pathak H, Byjesh K, Chakrabarti B, Aggarwal PK (2011) Potential and cost of carbon sequestration in Indian agriculture: estimates from long-term field experiments. Field Crops Res 120:102–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pathak H, Bhatia A, Jain N (2014) Greenhouse gas emission from Indian agriculture: trends, mitigation and policy needs. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, xvi + 39 pGoogle Scholar
  44. Poornam R (1966) Survey of ceramic industries in India. Souvenir, all India seminar on ceramic industries, Trichur, p 71Google Scholar
  45. Rai V, Acharya S, Dey N (2012) Implications of nanobiosensors in agriculture. J Biomater Nanobiotechnol 3:315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rajendran CP, Rajagopalan G, Narayanaswamy (1989) Quaternary geology of Kerala: evidence from radiocarbon dates. J Geol Soc India 33:218–222Google Scholar
  47. Raman KV, Ghosh SK (1974) Identification and quantification of minerals in clays. Bull Indian Soc Soil Sci 9:117–140Google Scholar
  48. Rao V (1966) Clays and their uses. Small Industries Service Institute, Trichur, p 2Google Scholar
  49. Sankalia HD (1970) Some aspects of prehistorie technology in India, Indian National Science Academy, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  50. Sehgal JL (2006) Introductory pedology, revised edn. Kalyani Publisher, LudhianaGoogle Scholar
  51. Senthilkumar B, Manikandan S, Musthafa MS (2012) Natural radioactivity and dose rates for soil samples around Tiruchirapalli, South India using γ-ray spectrometry. Radiat Prot Environ (Serial Online) 35:43–51. Available from http://www.rpe.org.in/text.asp?2012/35/1/43/111409
  52. Sivapullaiah PV, Savitha S (1996) Clay mixtures as liners for waste-disposal facilities. Clay Res 15A:35–43Google Scholar
  53. Srinivasarao C, Venkateswarlu B, Lal R, Singh AK, Vittal KPR, Sumanta Kundu, Singh SR, Singh SP (2012) Long-term effects of soil fertility management on carbon sequestration in a rice-lentil cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic plains. Soil Sci Soc Am J 76(1):168–178Google Scholar
  54. Tarafdar JC, Xiang Y, Wang WN, Dong Q, Biswas P (2012) Standardization of size, shape and concentration of nanoparticle for plant application. Appl Biol Res 14:138–144Google Scholar
  55. Tiwary JR, Mishra BB (1990) Distribution of micronutrients in tal land soils (Udic Chromustert) of Bihar. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 38:319–321Google Scholar
  56. Tripathy N, Singh RS, Hills CD (2016) Soil carbon development in rejuvenated Indian coal mine spoil. Ecol Eng 90:482–490.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wikipedia (2019) Fossil fuel, the free encyclopediaGoogle Scholar
  58. Zehnder Alexander JB (1978) Ecology of methane formation. In: Mitchell R (ed) Water pollution microbiology, vol 2. Wiley, New York, pp 349–376. ISBN 978-0-471-01902-2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bipin B. Mishra
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sanjay K. Choudhary
    • 4
  • Richa Roy
    • 5
  1. 1.Bihar Agricultural UniversityBhagalpurIndia
  2. 2.Pedology and Land Use PlanningSchool of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya UniversityDire DawaEthiopia
  3. 3.International Union of Soil SciencesViennaAustria
  4. 4.TNB College, TM Bhagalpur UniversityBhagalpurIndia
  5. 5.Department of BiotechnologyTNB College, TM Bhagalpur UniversityBhagalpurIndia

Personalised recommendations