• Bipin B. MishraEmail author
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)


India constitutes a part of South Asian Subcontinent and is situated between the latitudes of 08° 04′ and 37° 06′ N and longitudes of 68° 07′ and extended to 87° 25′ E in the north of equator with a geographical area of 329 M ha (million hectare). In three broad physiographic regions, viz. Peninsula (a triangular plateau in the Deccan and south of the Vindhyayan), Extra Peninsula (a mountain region of the Himalayas) and Indo-Gangetic plain followed by distinct geological setup and climatic arrangement, India is gifted to have diversified types of soil groups within specific agroclimatic regions, viz. alluvial soils, black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils, forest and mountain soils, arid and desert soils, acid soils, salt-affected soils, and peaty and marshy soils.

Indian soils have rich history with most significant contributions to the lifestyle, culture, civilization and overall livelihood besides supporting for survival and nourishment of south Asian population. The continued pressing demand for land and soil due to increasing population has made these soils highly threatened and scarce resource as a result of soil health deterioration, soil degradation, loss of biodiversity, nutrient mining, emergence of heavy metal toxicity, declining soil organic matter and impact of climate change. The chapter highlights on generalized but conceptual action plan for successful implementation of land use planning on the ground-based interventions as covered in subsequent chapters. In addition, education and research in soil science deserve strengthening through a breakthrough in the National Agricultural Research and Education System (NARES). Soils by and large possess ample scope for improvement in order to meet the growing demands of the nation. This chapter is thus a generalized overview on vision, mission and goal of soil resources towards Second Green Revolution in the twenty-first century.


Indian soils Challenges Soil evaluation Education Land use planning Second Green Revolution 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bihar Agricultural UniversityBhagalpurIndia
  2. 2.Pedology and Land Use PlanningSchool of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya UniversityDire DawaEthiopia
  3. 3.International Union of Soil SciencesViennaAustria

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