What Is NOMA?

  • Yuanwei Liu
  • Zhijin Qin
  • Zhiguo Ding
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Computer Science book series (BRIEFSCOMPUTER)


This chapter provides an overview of the background knowledge of NOMA from an information theoretic perspective.


  1. Benjebbour, A., Li, A., Saito, Y., Kishiyama, Y., Harada, A., & Nakamura, T. (2013). System-level performance of downlink NOMA for future LTE enhancements. In Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) Workshops (pp. 66–70).Google Scholar
  2. Bergmans, P. (1974). A simple converse for broadcast channels with additive white Gaussian noise (corresp.). IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 20, 279–280.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Botsinis, P., Alanis, D., Babar, Z., Nguyen, H., Chandra, D., Ng, S. X., et al. (2016). Quantum-aided multi-user transmission in non-orthogonal multiple access systems. IEEE Access, 4, 7402–7424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cover, T. M. (1972). Broadcast channels. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 18, 2–14.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cui, J., Ding, Z., & Fan, P. (2016). A novel power allocation scheme under outage constraints in NOMA systems. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 23, 1226–1230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ding, Z., Yang, Z., Fan, P., & Poor, H. V. (2014). On the performance of non-orthogonal multiple access in 5G systems with randomly deployed users. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 21, 1501–1505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hanzo, L., Haas, H., Imre, S., O’Brien, D., Rupp, M., & Gyongyosi, L. (2012). Wireless myths, realities, and futures: From 3G/4G to optical and quantum wireless. IEEE Proceedings, 100, 1853–1888.Google Scholar
  8. Huang, X., & Yang, N. (2019). On the block error performance of short-packet non-orthogonal multiple access systems. In IEEE Proceedings of International Communication Conference (ICC) (pp. 1–7).Google Scholar
  9. Komine, T., & Nakagawa, M. (2004). Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 50, 100–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Liu, L., Yuen, C., Guan, Y. L., & Li, Y. (2016). Capacity-achieving iterative LMMSE detection for MIMO-NOMA systems. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 67(7), 1758–1773. 1 April 2019.Google Scholar
  11. Marshoud, H., Kapinas, V. M., Karagiannidis, G. K., & Muhaidat, S. (2016). Non-orthogonal multiple access for visible light communications. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 28, 51–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Saito, Y., Benjebbour, A., Kishiyama, Y., & Nakamura, T. (2013a). System-level performance evaluation of downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). In Proceedings of IEEE Annual Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), London.Google Scholar
  13. Saito, Y., Kishiyama, Y., Benjebbour, A., Nakamura, T., Li, A., & Higuchi, K. (2013b). Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) for cellular future radio access. In IEEE Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC), Dresden (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  14. Shi, S., Yang, L., & Zhu, H. (2016). Outage balancing in downlink non-orthogonal multiple access with statistical channel state information. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 15, 4718–4731.Google Scholar
  15. Shieh, S. L., & Huang, Y. C. (2016). A simple scheme for realizing the promised gains of downlink non-orthogonal multiple access. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 64, 1624–1635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shin, W., Vaezi, M., Lee, B., Love, D. J., Lee, J., & Poor, H. V. (2016). Non-orthogonal multiple access in multi-cell networks: Theory, performance, and practical challenges. arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.01607.Google Scholar
  17. So, J., & Sung, Y. (2016). Improving non-orthogonal multiple access by forming relaying broadcast channels. IEEE Communications Letters, 20, 1816–1819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sun, X., Yan, S., Yang, N., Ding, Z., Shen, C., & Zhong, Z. (2018). Short-packet downlink transmission with non-orthogonal multiple access. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 17, 4550–4564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Timotheou, S., & Krikidis, I. (2015). Fairness for non-orthogonal multiple access in 5G systems. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 22, 1647–1651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Xing, H., Liu, Y., Nallanathan, A., Ding, Z., & Poor, H. V. (2018). Optimal Throughput Fairness Tradeoffs for Downlink Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Over Fading Channels. In IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 17(6), vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 3556–3571, June 2018.Google Scholar
  21. Xu, P., Ding, Z., Dai, X., & Poor, H. V. (2015). A new evaluation criterion for non-orthogonal multiple access in 5G software defined networks. IEEE Access, 3, 1633–1639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Xu, P., Yuan, Y., Ding, Z., Dai, X., & Schober, R. (2016). On the outage performance of non-orthogonal multiple access with one-bit feedback. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 15, 6716–6730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yang, Z., Ding, Z., Fan, P., & Karagiannidis, G. K. (2016). On the performance of non-orthogonal multiple access systems with partial channel information. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 64, 654–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yin, L., Popoola, W. O., Wu, X., & Haas, H. (2016). Performance evaluation of non-orthogonal multiple access in visible light communication. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 64, 5162–5175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Yu, H., Fei, Z., Yang, N., & Ye, N. (2018). Optimal design of resource element mapping for sparse spreading non-orthogonal multiple access. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 7, 744–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zhang, X., Gao, Q., Gong, C., & Xu, Z. (2016). Interference management and power allocation for NOMA visible light communications network. arXiv preprint. arXiv:1610.07327.Google Scholar
  27. Zhang, Y., Wang, H.-M., Zheng, T.-X., & Yang, Q. (2017). Energy-efficient transmission design in non-orthogonal multiple access. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66, 2852–2857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuanwei Liu
    • 1
  • Zhijin Qin
    • 1
  • Zhiguo Ding
    • 2
  1. 1.LondonUK
  2. 2.ManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations