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Plant–Microbes Relationships in Soil Ecological System and Benefits Accruable to Food Health

  • Lateef Bamidele TaiwoEmail author
  • Adedayo Omowumi Oyedele
  • Bukola Victoria Ailenokhuoria
  • Oladapo Titus Okareh
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 23)

Abstract

The excessive use of chemicals in agricultural production gives rise to various issues such as unanticipated environmental impacts, soil biological degradation as well as water contamination. This in many instances has led to eutrophication as well as human health hazards. The concern has raised the question on the safety of food products obtained from this conventional method. It has, therefore, become imperative to adopt biological fertilization strategy that may minimize the use of these inputs. Exploiting the relationships among plants and rhizospheric soil microbes is a rational option. Such interactions are the major factors that determine the health of a plant, plants’ yield, and fertility of the soil. The Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) are being used as bio-inoculants for the provision of nutrients, plant growth promotion and to combat plant diseases. The PGPR includes 72 bacterial genera including Agrobacterium , Azotobacter , Azospirillum , Bacillus , Burkholderia , Erwinia , Flavobacterium , Micrococcus , Pseudomonas , Serratia , etc. With the use of these genera, the chemical inputs, and agrochemicals are bound to be reduced in order to sustain benefits to human health. The application of effective PGPR in inoculant technology, therefore, is considered as a vital approach for sustainable soil management and solving environmental issues.

Keywords

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Plant-microbe interrelationship Soil ecology Food health 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lateef Bamidele Taiwo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adedayo Omowumi Oyedele
    • 1
  • Bukola Victoria Ailenokhuoria
    • 1
  • Oladapo Titus Okareh
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo UniversityIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Faculty of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health SciencesCollege of Medicine, University of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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