The Proposed Natural Gas to Hydrogen Transition in the UK
Successive UK governments have laid out a vision of a deep decarbonisation across all sectors of the economy. A key challenge will be the reduction of emissions associated with heating. Currently UK heat needs are mostly net via natural gas combustion. There is widespread interest in electrification of the economy based increasingly on renewable power generation, but as this chapter points out such pathways are challenging and it might be preferable to continue with gas-based heating, but with upstream carbon capture utilisation and storage. Such ideas have gained much traction in the UK in recent months, and some emerging projects are discussed.
In preparing this chapter, we are most grateful to advice and information provided by Damien Hawke, Alaric Marsden, Dave Robson, Dan Sadler, Simon Schaeffer and others. It is important to stress that those that have provided assistance to this chapter do not necessarily agree with what is said. All responsibility for what follows lies with the authors.
- 1.The Climate Change Act. 2008. January 4, 2019. Available from: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2008/27/contents.
- 2.Maslin, M. 2014. Climate: A very short introduction, 187. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- 3.Marsden, A. 2018. Gas as a key enabler of flexible electricity generation. The role of Gas in the energy transition 2018. Available from: https://www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Alaric-Marsden.pdf.
- 4.Goodall, C. 2016. Better average outputs will mean UK wind will frequently meet entire national electricity needs. January 14, 2019. Available from: https://www.carboncommentary.com/blog/2016/9/5/better-average-outputs-will-mean-uk-wind-will-frequently-meet-entire-national-electricity-needs.
- 5.Smith, B. 2019. BEIS to look again at smart meters programme costs amid overspend warnings. January 14, 2019. Available from: https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/beis-look-again-smart-meters-programme-costs-amid-overspend-warnings.
- 6.Grant Wilson, I.A. 2016. Energy data visualization requires additional approaches to continue to be relevant in a world with greater low-carbon generation. Frontiers in Energy Research 4 (33).Google Scholar
- 7.The Clean Growth Strategy Leading the way to a low carbon future. 2017. January 16, 2018. Available from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/700496/clean-growth-strategy-correction-april-2018.pdf.
- 9.McWilliams, A. 2018. The global hydrogen economy: Technologies and opportunities through 2022. BCC Research.Google Scholar
- 10.H21. 2016. January 14, 2019. see specifically section 3.6. Available from: https://www.northerngasnetworks.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/H21-Report-Interactive-PDF-July-2016.compressed.pdf.
- 11.Sadler, D., et al. 2019. H21 North of England, January 27, 2019. Available from: https://northerngasnetworks.co.uk/h21-noe/H21-NoE-23Nov18-v1.0.pdf.
- 12.Cadent. HyNET Northwest from Vision to Reality. 2018. January 27, 2019. Available from: https://hynet.co.uk/app/uploads/2018/05/14368_CADENT_PROJECT_REPORT_AMENDED_v22105.pdf.