Channel Switching Protocols Hinder the Transition to IP World: The Pentagon Story

  • Manfred Sneps-SneppeEmail author
  • Dmitry Namiot
  • Maris Alberts
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11660)


In this paper, we target the strategy for telecommunications architectures during the transition to the IP-only models. The paper discusses the shifting from circuit switching to packet switching in telecommunications. Particularly, we analyze the coexistence of circuit switching and packet switching technologies in American military communications where each warfare object should have own IP address. The paper discusses the role of multifunction Soft Switches (MFSS). This Soft Switch plays the role of a media gateway between TDM channels and IP channels. As a case, we are passing through the transformation from SS7 signaling to internet protocol, ISDN-based government Defense Red Switch Network and, finally, the extremely ambitious cybersecurity issues and the cyber vulnerabilities of weapons found by Government Accountability Office. We conclude the growing cyber threats will provide a long-term channel-packet coexistence.


IP protocol Telecom Packet switching 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Sneps-Sneppe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dmitry Namiot
    • 2
  • Maris Alberts
    • 3
  1. 1.Ventspils International Radioastronomy CentreVentspils University of Applied SciencesVentspilsLatvia
  2. 2.Faculty of Computational Mathematics and CyberneticsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of LatviaRigaLatvia

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