The Eighth Liberal Art

  • Vladimir BabitskyEmail author
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


“The scientist describes what is,” wrote Theodore von Kármán. “The engineer creates what never was.” Aristotle believed there were seven liberal arts: subjects that are suitable for the development of intellectual and moral excellence, as distinguished from those that are merely useful or practical. I believe that the invention of new technology is its own art—the eighth liberal art.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East LeakeUK

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