Advertisement

Efficient Techniques of Transformation from Biogas to Bio-methane for IoT Based Photovoltaic Biogas Hybrid System

  • Amandeep Kaur Bhangal
  • Jyotsna SenguptaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1039)

Abstract

Biogas is formed when organic biodegradable substances are degraded through bacteria under some anaerobic conditions. Methane is considered as the major substance of biogas but it also includes various number of impurities for instance carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), oxygen (O2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), water (H2O) and dust particles. Transformation is a proper way to remove these contaminates. This conversion offers advantages to improve the quality for a number of anaerobic digestion plants by increasing its life validity. Two technologies are mainly used to get pure Bio-Methane. Cleaning is a primary technique, which has removal of impurities and upgrading process regulates the calorific value of gas. Techniques for raw biogas cleaning are dissimilar in functioning, quality conditions and the efficiency of incoming gas. Upgrading technology is usually performed in the scientific way to achieve the standard value to utilize as fuel for electrification and vehicles. This paper presents a systematical review of major analysis evolution on technologies for conversion of raw biogas to Bio-Methane.

Keywords

Water scrubbing Raw biogas Carbon dioxide Hydrogen sulfide Pressure swing adsorption Biogas upgrading Gas liquid adsorption 

References

  1. 1.
    Beil, M., Beyrich, W.: Biogas upgrading to biomethane. In: Wellinger, A., Murphy, J., Baxter, D. (eds.) The Biogas Handbook, pp. 342–377. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Germany (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lien, C.C., Lin, J.L., Ting, C.-H.: Water scrubbing for removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in biogas from hog farms. J. Agric. Chem. Environ. 3, 1–6 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Al Mamun, M.R., Torii, S.: Removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from biogas using zero-valent iron. J. Clean Energy Technol. 3(6), 428–432 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mondal, M.K., Balsora, H.K., Varshney, P.: Progress and trends in CO2 capture/separation technologies: a review. Energy 46(1), 431–441 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nallamothu, R.B., Teferra, A., Rao, B.V.: Biogas purification, compression and bottling. Glob. J. Eng. Des. Technol. (GJEDT) 2(6), 34–38 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nguyen, D.M.K., Imai, T., Dang, T.-L.T., Kanno, A., Higuchi, T., Yamamoto, K., Sekine, M., Grad, M.: Response surface method for modeling the removal of carbon dioxide from a simulated gas using water absorption enhanced with a liquid-film-forming device. J. Environ. Sci. (JES) 65, 116–126 (2017). JES-01008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Peiris, A.P.T.S.: Feasibility study of production of bio methane from bio wastes in Sri Lanka and develop cost model for the production process. KTH School of Industrial Engineering and Management Energy Technology EGI-2016: OUSL Division of Heat & Power SE-100 44 STOCKHOLM (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pellegrinia, L.A., Guid, G.D., Consonnib, S., Bortoluzzib, G., Gattib, M.: From biogas to biomethane: how the biogas source influences the purification costs. Chem. Eng. Trans. (CET) 43, 409–414 (2015). Italian Association of Chemical EngineeringGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pirola, C., Galli, F., Bianch, C., Manenti, F.: Biogas to biomethane upgrading by water absorption column at low pressure and temperature. Technology 3(2 & 3), 99–103 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ryckebosch, E., Drouillon, M., Vervaeren, H.: Techniques for transformation of biogas to biomethane. Biomass Biogas 35(5), 1633–1645 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sha, D.R., Nagarsheth, H.R.: Biogas up gradation using water scrubbing for its use in vehicular applications. Int. Adv. Res. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2(6), 46–48 (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sun, Q., Li, H., Yan, J., Liu, L., Yu, Z., Yu, X.: Selection of appropriate biogas upgrading technology-a review of biogas cleaning, upgrading and utilization. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 51, 521–532 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Truong, L.V.A., Abatzoglou, N.: A H2S reactive adsorption process for the purification of biogas prior to its use as a bioenergy vector. Biomass Bioenergy 29(2), 142–151 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Warren, K.: A techno-economic comparison of biogas upgrading technologies in Europe. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland (2012). Accessed 17 Nov 2016Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xiao, Y., Yuan, H., Pang, Y., Chen, S., Zhu, B., Zou, D., Ma, J., Yu, L., Li, X.: CO2 removal from biogas by water washing system. Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 22(8), 950–953 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zulkeflia, N.N., Masdara, M.S., Jahima, J., Majlanb, E.H.: Overview of H2S removal technologies from biogas production. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 11(20), 10060–10066 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer SciencePunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations