Advertisement

Sustainable Well-Being at Work: A French-Swedish Comparison

  • Anne-Sophie BacouelEmail author
  • Thomas Vergnol
Chapter
Part of the International Marketing and Management Research book series (INMAMAR)

Abstract

Recent studies have promoted a “sustainable well-being–productivity synergy.” Despite a plethora of literature on the beneficial effects of sustainable well-being at work, a look across the borders shows that the concept of well-being at work is not equally spread. Although worldwide studies have reported differences in well-being amongst nations, only few studies have so far tried to explain these differences from a cultural perspective. This chapter examines the perception of French and Swedish employees on their well-being at work. Within the framework of Hofstede’s culture map we analyze cross-cultural differences to obtain a refinement of broadly communicated surveys on well-being in different parts of the world. The results of our qualitative study show that Swedes tend to perceive higher levels of well-being than the French due to opposite scores on the cultural dimensions of power distance, uncertainty avoidance and masculinity.

Keywords

Sustainable well-being at work France Sweden Hofstede Culture map 

References

  1. ANACT. (2017). Agence nationale pour l’amélioration des conditions de travail. Retrieved from https://www.anact.fr/
  2. Arrindell, W. A., Hatzichristou, C., Wensink, J., Rosenberg, E., van Twillert, B., Stedema, J., & Meijer, D. (1997). Dimensions of national culture as predictors of cross-national differences in subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 37–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Basabe, N., Paez, D., Valencia, J., Gonzalez, J. L., Rimea, B., & Diener, E. (2002). Cultural dimensions, socioeconomic development, climate, and emotional hedonic level. Cognition and Emotion, 16(1), 103–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernelas, L. (2013). Etudes Internationales – Un regard croisé France/Suede du bien etre au travail des salariés. Retrieved from http://labrh.opinion-way.com/labrh/etudes-internationales-un-regard-croise-francesuede-du-bien-etre-au-travail-des-salaries.html
  5. Bustreel, A., Cornuau, F., & Pernod-Lemattre, M. (2012). Concilier vie familiale et vie professionnelle en France: les disparités d’horaires de travail. Relations industrielles, 67(4), 681–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cartwright, S., & Cooper, C. L. (Eds.). (2008). Oxford handbook on organisational well-being. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cooper, C. L., & Marshall, J. (1978). Understanding executive stress. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Danna, K., & Griffin, R. W. (1999). Health and well-being in the workplace: A review and synthesis of the literature. Journal of Management, 25(3), 357–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542–575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Diener, E., Diener, M., & Diener, C. (1995). Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 851–864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Duguleana, L. (2014). National cultural dimensions and well-being in some countries of the world, in 2013. Cross-Cultural Management Journal, XVI, 2(6), 305–314.Google Scholar
  12. Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Flick, U. (2000). Episodic interviewing. In M. W. Bauer & G. D. Gaskell (Eds.), Qualitative researching with text, image and sound (pp. 75–92). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  14. Govillot, S. (2013). Après une naissance, un homme sur neuf réduit ou cesse temporairement son activité contre une femme sur deux. Insee première, 1454. Retrieved from https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1281361
  15. Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations. Software of the mind. London: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  16. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  17. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations. Software of the mind. London: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  18. Johannes, K., & Hambursin, C. (2012). Conflit social et suicides chez France Télécom. Recherches en communication, 37, 193–207.Google Scholar
  19. Lachmann, H., Larose, C., & Penicaud, M. (2010). Bien-être et efficacité au travail – 10 propositions pour améliorer la santé psychologique au travail. Retrieved from http://www.dgdr.cnrs.fr/drh/protect-soc/documents/fiches_rps/rapport_lachmann.pdf
  20. Ministère Français. (2017). L’Etat garant de la protection de la santé et de la sécurité au travail. Récupéré sur Politiques publiques. Retrieved from http://www.vie-publique.fr/politiques-publiques/regulation-relations-travail/sante-securite-travail/
  21. Netemeyer, R. G., Warmath, D., Fernandes, D., & Lynch, J. G., Jr. (2018). How am i doing? Perceived financial well-being, its potential antecedents, and its relation to overall well-being. Journal of Consumer Research, 45(1), 68–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. O.C. Tanner Institute. (2016). The impact of excellent employee well-being. O.C. Tanner.Google Scholar
  23. OECD. (2017a). How’s life in France? Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/statistics/Better-Life-Initiative-country-note-France.pdf
  24. OECD. (2017b). How’s life in Sweden? Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/statistics/Better-Life-Initiative-country-note-Sweden.pdf
  25. OECD. (2018a). Trade Unions: Trade union density, OECD Employment and Labour Market Statistics (database). Retrieved from  https://doi.org/10.1787/data-00371-en
  26. OECD. (2018b). OECD compendium of productivity indicators 2018. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/international-productivity-gaps_5b43c728-en#page8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peiró, J., Ayala, Y., Tordera, N., Lorente, L., & Rodríguez, I. (2014). Sustainable well-being at work: A review and reformulation. Papeles del Psicólogo, 35(1), 5–14.Google Scholar
  28. Pelletier, B. (2011). Les difficultés pour développer le leadership en France. Gestion des risques interculturels: Entreprises & Management interculturel. Retrieved from http://gestion-des-risques-interculturels.com/risques/les-difficultespour-developper-le-leadership-en-france/
  29. Price, R. H., & Hooijberg, R. (1992). Organizational exit pressures and role stress: Impact on mental health. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13(7), 641–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shinwell, M., & Shamir, E. (2018). Measuring the impact of businesses on people’s well-being and sustainability: Taking stock of existing frameworks and initiatives. OECD Statistics Working Papers, No. 2018/08. Paris: OECD Publishing.  https://doi.org/10.1787/51837366-en
  31. Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. P. (2009). Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/118025/118123/Fitoussi+Commission+report
  32. Walia, K., & Nishtha. (2018). The relationship between employee wellbeing and spirituality at workplace. IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17(3), 28–44.Google Scholar
  33. World Economic Forum. (2016). Global gender gap index 2016. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rotterdam School of ManagementRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.ISC Paris Business SchoolParisFrance

Personalised recommendations