Education Matters for the Bottom of the Pyramid in Economic Development
The research article is addressed around the education initiatives undertaken by the local non-profit sectors for the poor and marginalized population in Pakistan. The research also focuses on education initiatives and constraints faced by poor students, untrained teachers, and non-profit organizations. Child labor, family relocation, poor health and sanitation practices, and poor leadership are among the many hurdles. It is a world of actions, reactions and it continues to cycle. Decisions to attend school are not a choice, but a necessity for poor students. It is observed that children are confident, friendly, and have a burning desire for a better standard of living. Overall, the children are learning in both philanthropic and self-help approach, but learning levels are not meeting the goals set by the Higher Education Commission in Pakistan. To bring a paradigm shift in the system, parent-teacher meetings, and training teachers on elite-oriented curricula, English-spoken classes, giving financial incentives to both students and their parents can work as an incentive to motivate learning and overall economic development of Pakistan. The future of a nation is only bright when people are considered an asset.
KeywordsEducation Economic development The bottom of the pyramid Pakistan Poverty Education innovation Educational policy Poor and marginalized population Constraints Education outcomes
- CIA World Factbook. (2019). Pakistan. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html.
- Collins, M. (2015). The pros and cons of globalization. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikecollins/2015/05/06/the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization/#7e52a66eccce.
- Hasan, S. (2016). Taking school to the street children. Dawn. Retrieved from https://www.dawn.com/news/1276538.
- Focus in Economics. (2018, Nov 19). The worlds’ poorest countries [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.focus-economics.com/blog/the-poorest-countries-in-the-world.
- Khan, W. (2015). Quality of teacher education in Pakistan. Dialogue (1819–6462), 10(2), 212–219. Retrieved from https://bdcnl-ezproxy.libraries.coop:3443/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=109207206&site=eds-live.
- Mahajan, V. (2016). How unilever reaches rural consumers in emerging markets. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2016/12/how-unilever-reaches-rural-consumers-in-emerging-markets.
- Salim, Y. (2016). Bringing education to the streets of Karachi. The Express Tribune. Retrieved from https://tribune.com.pk/story/1062587/easy-as-a-b-c-bringing-education-to-the-streets-of-karachi/.
- The World Bank. (2015). FAQs: Global poverty line update. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/brief/global-poverty-line-faq.
- United Nations. (2019). Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/education/.
- Yousufzai, S. (2016). Vanity project or haven? A look at PTI’s street children campaign. Dawn. Retrieved from https://www.dawn.com/news/1243532/vanity-project-or-haven-a-look-at-ptis-street-child-campaign.
- Zaidi, G. (2014, Dec 9). 10 things you probably didn’t know about Pakistan [Blog post]. Blogs—The Express Tribune. Retrieved from https://blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/25170/10-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-pakistan/.
- Zindagi Trust Organization. (2019). Retrieved from http://www.zindagitrust.org/.