Smart Sensing System for Precision Agriculture

  • El-Sayed E. OmranEmail author
  • Abdelazim M. Negm
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)


This chapter presented the state-of-the-art survey of the research literature on how emerging technology used to solve agricultural problems specifically related to precision agriculture (PA). Proximal sensing allows measuring many soil and plant properties in situ. These include portable X-ray, spectroscopy, digital camera, smartphone, multistripe laser triangulation scanning, ground-penetrating radar, and electromagnetic induction sensor. Smart (soil, water, and crop) sensors are utilizing new technology to increase the efficiency of agriculture, enabling agricultural users, reducing and saving the input farming cost, managing the agricultural resources in smart ways, and getting higher profit and productivity. Field estimation of soil–plant analysis is possible and can be evaluated with accuracy levels suitable for soil and plant monitoring requirements. This chapter also proposed a smart-based PA system based on the key technologies: Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, smartphone computing, and proximal sensors. Environmental sensors have been utilized in applications according to the need to construct smart PA. The cloud is a gathering of platforms and infrastructures on which data are stored and processed, enabling farmers to recover and transfer their data for a particular mobile application, at any site with Internet access. Joining the cloud, IoT, and sensors is fundamental, with the goal that the sensing data can be stored or handled. The proposed system comprises the sensor layer, the transmission layer, the cloud services layer, and the application layer. At last, the advantages and the possible limitations of the system are talked about.


Internet of Things Cloud computing Big data analysis Mobile computing Sensor 



Abdelazim Negm acknowledges the partial support of the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF) of Egypt in the framework of the grant no. 30771 for the project titled “A Novel Standalone Solar-Driven Agriculture Greenhouse—Desalination System: That Grows Its Energy And Irrigation Water” via the Newton-Mosharafa funding scheme.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soil and Water Department, Faculty of AgricultureSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  2. 2.Institute of African Research and Studies and Nile Basin CountriesAswan UniversityAswanEgypt
  3. 3.Water and Water Structures Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

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