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Effects of Statistical Learning Ability on the Second Language Processing of Multiword Sequences

  • Elma KerzEmail author
  • Daniel WiechmannEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11755)

Abstract

A substantial body of research has demonstrated that both native and non-native speakers are sensitive to the statistics of multiword sequences (MWS). However, this research has predominantly focused on demonstrating that a given sample of participants shows evidence of learning the statistical properties of MWS. Recent theoretical approaches to language learning and processing emphasize the importance of moving away from group-level analyses towards analyses that account for individual differences (IDs). Here, through a within subject design embedded within an IDs framework, we investigate whether and to what extent individual variability in the online processing of MWS are associated with the statistical learning (SL) ability of an individual. Second language learners were administered a battery of SL tasks in the visual and auditory modalities, using verbal and non-verbal stimuli, with adjacent and non-adjacent contingencies along with two online processing tasks of MWS designed to assess sensitivity to the statistics of spoken and written language. We found a number of significant associations between the SL ability and the two processing tasks: Individuals who performed better on an auditory verbal adjacent SL task demonstrated greater sensitivity to the statistics of MWS in the spoken language, whereas individuals with better performance on a visual, non-verbal sequence learning task demonstrated greater sensitivity to the statistics of MWS in the written language. We discuss the implications of these findings for the study of IDs in the processing of MWS.

Keywords

Individual differences Multiword sequences Statistical learning Second language processing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of English LinguisticsRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Logic, Language and ComputationUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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