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Landscape Ecology Culture and Some Principles of Sustainable Nature Use

  • Lev K. KazakovEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Innovations in Landscape Research book series (ILR)

Abstract

Economic activity, as a rule, is accompanied by negative changes to landscapes and ecological conditions, and by a depletion of natural resources. The main causes of these processes are analyzed. Two possible aspects of sustainable nature management are highlighted: ideas from the natural sciences about the formation of a culture of nature management, and the emergence of natural and human-made landscapes, cultural landscapes included. These ideas are based on the paradigm of evolutionary synergy. This serves as a methodological basis for developing principles and approaches to sustainable nature management. An important component of this paradigm is the concept of a culture of nature management. This concept roughly describes ecological culture, its components and the reasons why it lags behind the material and production culture of nature management, as well as describing landscapes and their resiliency. Definitions of basic concepts are a subject of theoretical and applied research. The consideration and development of various aspects of an ecological culture, including a culture of landscape ecology and nature management, is a key element of sustainable nature management. The principles underlying the landscape ecology planning of economic activity and the ecological and technological culture of production are mutually complementary. They make it possible to create a natural-economic system of cultural landscapes and sustainable nature management. Some mutually complementary approaches are presented. These can be used to optimize nature management in terms of landscape ecology, to preserve the most important elements of landscape diversity, and to create favorable environmental conditions.

Keywords

Ecological culture of nature management Ethics of nature management Material and industrial culture Landscape Cultural landscapes Natural and economic systems Resiliency Landscape ecology planning Universal evolutionism Ecological imperative 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of GeographyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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