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Camouflage and Stealth Technology Based on Nanomaterials

  • Narendra Kumar
  • Ambesh Dixit
Chapter

Abstract

Acquisition of signatures using multispectral detectors of combat military targets, soldiers, strategic installations, etc. plays an important role in winning a war. There is a saying that “who spots first its adversaries is the winner.” Signature management by camouflaging of military targets is of great importance to save them from enemy’s attack. There are various techniques and materials to achieve effective camouflage but limited only in specific electromagnetic (EM) window. To overcome this limitation, there is a requirement to search for materials, which can be used in the form of surface coatings or structural components of the target to blend them with the surroundings. Furthermore, autonomous blending of a target with its surrounding in multispectral windows of EM spectrum is also a pressing requirement in camouflage/stealth. Various advanced materials have been investigated without much success to fulfil the requirement. The advent of nanotechnology and nanomaterials including the metamaterials demonstrates great potential to mitigate the gaps in camouflage/stealth application.

Keywords

Camouflage Concealment and deception (CCD) Multispectral and hyperspectral sensors War theatres Signature management Radar absorbing structures Metamaterials Adaptive camouflage 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Ambesh Dixit
    • 2
  1. 1.Defence Laboratory Jodhpur (DRDO)JodhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics & Center for Solar Energy DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology JodhpurJodhpurIndia

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