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Nanotechnology-Enabled Management of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Threats

  • Narendra Kumar
  • Ambesh Dixit
Chapter

Abstract

Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons, also known as weapons of mass destruction (WMD), have become a real threat despite international ban treaties. These CBRNs can be distinguished by conventional and directed-energy weapons as they create colossal damage to all the living beings and the buildings without any discrimination. Management of CBRN weaponry in terms of detection, decontamination, and protection of living beings, particularly humans, is a very important technological challenge. Nanotechnology is emerging fast to manage threats of such devastative weapons in an efficient way. The underlying reason being the reduced size of nanomaterials leading to enhanced high chemical reactivity to decompose many chemical weapon agents (CWAs), adsorption of BWAs, and decontamination of radiological hazards as well. Further, the quantum confinement, leading to energy-efficient fluorescent semiconducting nanostructures, enables detection of many of these CBRN even in trace amounts.

Keywords

Chemical–Biological–Radiological–Nuclear (CBRN) Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Dirty bombs Detection Decontamination Protection Sensors Metal-organic frameworks 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Ambesh Dixit
    • 2
  1. 1.Defence Laboratory Jodhpur (DRDO)JodhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics & Center for Solar Energy DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology JodhpurJodhpurIndia

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