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Neurobiology of Empathy

  • Michelle Trieu
  • Adriana E. FosterEmail author
  • Zimri S. Yaseen
  • Courtnie Beaubian
  • Raffaella Calati
Chapter

Abstract

Until late last century, empathy remained an abstract concept confined to the realms of social science and philosophy. Studies in neuroscience have demonstrated that the brain can understand and share emotions of others without having the same experiences. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) coupled with self-assessment and tasks that allow evaluation of empathy has helped to map the areas of the brain that are recruited in response to others’ actions and emotions. Furthermore, progress in the neurobiology of empathy shows that facets of empathy can be trained by taking advantage of neuroplasticity. Understanding the neurobiological basis of empathy can inspire us to rewire ourselves for better patient care.

Keywords

Empathy Brain Social cognition Mirror neuron system Theory of mind Oxytocin Genetics Neuroplasticity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Trieu
    • 1
  • Adriana E. Foster
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zimri S. Yaseen
    • 3
  • Courtnie Beaubian
    • 3
  • Raffaella Calati
    • 3
  1. 1.Kaiser PermanenteOaklandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral HealthHerbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral HealthIcahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai Beth IsraelNew YorkUSA

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