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Biotechnologies for Soil Treatment

  • Petra NajmanováEmail author
  • Martin Halecký
Chapter
  • 255 Downloads
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

Biodegradation performed by indigenous bacteria is one of the major technologies that can effectively remove organic pollution from the environment. The success of the bioremediation process depends on the ability to set up and maintain the optimal conditions for the contaminant biodegradation. Soil excavation followed by ex situ bioremediation is mostly applied to accelerate the site clean-up efficiency of the contaminated soil. An overview of various bioremediation techniques for soil treatment will be provided in this chapter. Basic information on the optimal conditions, the biodegradable contaminants, and the different kinds of bioremediation stimulants with their efficiency will be presented in comparison with the application of allochthonous bacteria. This chapter is especially devoted to the petroleum hydrocarbons, which still represent the main pollutants that are removable by bioremediation in real applications. The topic of bioremediation of persistent organic pollutants will be mentioned only marginally as it will be discussed in detail in the following chapters.

Keywords

Soil bioremediation Petroleum hydrocarbons Biopiles Landfarming Biostimulation Bioaugmentation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DEKONTA, a.s.StehelčevesCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyUniversity of Chemistry and TechnologyPragueCzech Republic

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