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Management of the Central Nervous System Chronic Pelvic Pain

  • Marilena Gubbiotti
  • Antonella Giannantoni
Chapter
Part of the Urodynamics, Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions book series (UNPFD)

Abstract

The central sensitization is a central phenomenon of the nervous system with the enhanced responsiveness of the central neurons and there is no ongoing nociceptive stimulation from the periphery. The mechanisms contributing to pain amplification are heterogeneous and likely occur at various levels of the nervous system (NS); in the last years, neuroimaging techniques using magnetic resonance imaging have allowed the detailed description of the brain in patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP). A number of treatments and management algorithms have been developed and applied in the treatment of CPP; indeed, the management of CPP required a multifaceted approach of the pharmacological therapy due to the multiple levels in the NS which act in the mechanism of action of pain.

Keywords

Chronic pelvic pain Central nervous system Central sensitization Pharmacological therapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilena Gubbiotti
    • 1
  • Antonella Giannantoni
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologySan Donato HospitalArezzoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Neurosciences, Functional and Surgical Urology UnitUniversity of SienaSienaItaly

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