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Epidemiology of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Long-Term Care Facilities

  • Syed Wasif Hussain
  • Muhammad Salman AshrafEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile infection is one of the predominant causes of infectious diarrhea in elderly residents living in long-term care facilities. The epidemiology of C. difficile infection has changed significantly worldwide over the past two decades in all healthcare settings including nursing homes. In addition to describing the incidence and prevalence of C. difficile infection, this chapter focuses on strain diversity, colonization, and transmission of C. difficile in long-term care setting. A review of risk factors of C. difficile colonization and infection and mortality among nursing home residents due to this infection is also included.

Keywords

Clostridioides difficile Epidemiology Long-term care facilities Incidence Prevalence Colonization Transmission Mortality Risk factors C. difficile strains 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kings County HospitalBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Suny Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  3. 3.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA

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