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Theranostic Nanoplatforms as a Promising Diagnostic and Therapeutic Tool for Staphylococcus aureus

  • Bushra UzairEmail author
  • Anum Shaukat
  • Safa Mariyam
Chapter

Abstract

The Gram-positive microorganism Staphylococcus aureus is the major infective agent responsible for life-threatening infections. Staphylococcus aureus have developed resistance against last resort therapeutics. Nonetheless, there is a great urge to synthesize novel antimicrobial agents with proficient activity and great biocompatibility for clinical administrations. Advanced technologies emphasize more on detecting and identifying diseases for successful therapy combined with the diagnostic agents itself. Theranostics is a novel approach in which the exact treatment is conjugated with specific diagnostic tests. With a key spotlight on patient-focused consideration, theranostics alter traditional prescription to a contemporary personalized and accurate medicine approach. The research has been supported toward the development of enhanced imaging agents as carbon quantum dots, nanoparticles, and other new theranostic drugs. Better diagnosis helps in prescreening the profile of target particles to create biomarkers dependent on disease-specific therapy, thus making it less expensive with less off-target toxicity and high efficiency and specificity with continuous analysis for detailed observation and guidance and examining impacts and side effects to develop further alternatives. In this chapter, numerous theranostics methods are discussed to cure ailments caused by Staphylococcus aureus.

Keywords

Staphylococcus aureus Theranostics Bacterial imaging Antibacterial activity Nanotechnology Bacterial infections 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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