Climate Variability and Extreme Weather in High Mountain Asia: Observation and Modelling
The hydrological cycle in High Mountain Asia is of critical importance for water security, agriculture and power generation for one of the most densely populated regions in the world. Glaciers over the central Himalaya have retreated at particularly rapid rates in recent decades, while glacier mass in the Karakoram appears stable. This chapter focuses on the climate of recent decades and discusses how the unique orography and complex terrain of this area of the planet influence weather patterns and the climate of the region and implications of these interactions for the future of high-elevation freshwater reservoirs.
KeywordsHigh Mountain Asia Central Himalayas Karakoram Winter Western Disturbance Glacier trends
We appreciate the contribution of Pete Peterson in providing CHIRPS data. We acknowledge NSF AG AGS-1116105 support.
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