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Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Agrio Formation (Late Valanginian–Earliest Barremian) and the Closure of the Mendoza Group to the North of the Huincul High

  • Pablo José PazosEmail author
  • Marcos Comerio
  • Diana Elizabeth Fernández
  • Carolina Gutiérrez
  • María Candela González Estebenet
  • Arturo Miguel Heredia
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

The Agrio Formation (late Early Valanginian–earliest Barremian) is an environmentally complex marine and continental succession that involves unconformities and flooding surfaces that respond to tectonic thermal subsidence. Internally, the Pilmatué Member contains five third-order sequences eustatically controlled. The Avilé Member starts over a regional unconformity that is the result of erosion and bypass by tectonic quiescence and only punctuated subsidence permits to explain the abnormal thickness in some areas. The Agua de la Mula Member starts with an isochronous and geologically instantaneous inundation which is better explained by tectonic subsidence rather than global eustatism. It contains four sequences but of fourth order. It also shows a sedimentary input from the east in some areas, largely neglected in the literature. The Chorreado Member, from a sequence stratigraphy point of view, is part of the Mendoza Group as it does not represent a basin expansion after a minor unconformity during the Barremian. Contrarily, the unconformity that marks the base of the Troncoso Member of the Huitrín Formation is an evidence of intense regional basin reorganization. The depocentres in the discussed intervals and units shift to the northwest while the thickness in proximal areas in the two marine members of the Agrio Formation point out to accommodation space created by tectonism. This is the first sequence stratigraphic model for the interval in two decades after the first absolute ages and latest biozone calibration provided for the Agrio Formation.

Keywords

Agrio Formation Sequence stratigraphic model Tectonic controls 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge to the University of Buenos Aires and CONICET for the financial support with the grants to P.J. Pazos. We are particularly thankful to Beatriz Aguirre-Urreta for the clarifying information about ammonoid biozones. Sergio E. Cocca contributed with some excellent field pictures and in his name we acknowledge to the Servicio Geológico Minero de Neuquén for the field support and hospitality. Finally, we acknowledge to the editors for the possibility to contribute in this special publication about the Neuquén Basin. It is the contribution R-265 of the Instituto de Estudios Andinos: Don Pablo Groeber.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo José Pazos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcos Comerio
    • 2
  • Diana Elizabeth Fernández
    • 1
  • Carolina Gutiérrez
    • 1
  • María Candela González Estebenet
    • 1
  • Arturo Miguel Heredia
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Y Naturales, Departamento de Ciencias GeológicasCONICET—Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Estudios Andinos Don Pablo Groeber (IDEAN)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Centro de Tecnología de Recursos Minerales y Cerámica (CETMIC), CONICET. La PlataBuenos AiresArgentina

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