Engagement with Europe: The Cases of Tunisia-Algeria-Malta-Cyprus-Turkey

  • Volkan IpekEmail author


The author in this chapter discusses the reasons why states similar to Morocco in terms of geography, history and identity did not feel European and thus did not apply for membership in the EEC. By scrutinizing the cases of Tunisia and Algeria, the author elaborates on the absence of successful interaction the French got with the locals which later paved the way to the postcolonial leaders’ non-instrumentalization of hybridity on their postcolonial national identity to feel European. By looking at the cases of Malta and Cyprus, the author shows how these states felt European and applied to the EEC on the basis of the similar religion they had with the United Kingdom which had allowed for a successful interaction that could be used to instrumentalize hybridity to form their postcolonial national identity. By examining Turkey aside, the author tries to show how European-ness developed out of hybridity but within modernization, that started with Ataturk and continued till today. The author also analyzes relations of these five states with today’s European Union, after its transformation in 1993 Maastricht Treaty.


Tunisia Algeria Malta Cyprus Turkey 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yeditepe UniversityKayısdagi CaddesiTurkey

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