Information Management: The Role of Information Technology in Treaty Verification

  • Nicholas KyriakopoulosEmail author


Arms control treaties rely on extensive collection, processing and analysis of data to ascertain compliance with treaty obligations. Monitoring and evaluation relies on a broad range of technologies for sensing, communications and processing to collect, transmit and analyze the data necessary to detect non-compliance. The effectiveness of a treaty verification system depends on the ability of the information management system to collect and evaluate the information necessary to ascertain compliance with the treaty obligations. The information management systems for treaty verification have the same architecture because they are similar in concept and operation. They collect, transmit, store, process and analyze data. The effectiveness of each of these operations is a function of the capabilities of the associated technology. This chapter presents an overview of the technologies available for use in each of the elements of a treaty information management system. In sensing, these range from low frequency seismic sensors to multispectral and hyperspectral imaging. Data can be transmitted in the order of hundreds of Gigabits per second through fiber optic cables for terrestrial communications and tens of Megabits per second for satellite channels, while available technologies allow for storing petabytes of data and processing speeds of tens of Gigabytes per second. These capabilities are more than sufficient to collect the necessary data for use in sophisticated analysis algorithms for detecting treaty violations.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA

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