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Adhesions and Asherman

  • Narendra Malhotra
  • Jude Ehiabhi Okohue
Chapter
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Abstract

Intrauterine adhesions are fairly common worldwide.

First described by Henrich Fritsch and characterized by Asherman, this condition can lead to oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, infertility, and recurrent pregnancy losses.

Hysteroscopy, which has relegated blind curettage, remains the gold standard for evaluating the uterine cavity. With office equipment now readily available, hysteroscopy can be performed as an outpatient procedure. A proper history coupled with a physical examination and investigative modalities such as hysterosalpingography, 3D ultrasound, and saline contrast sonography for uterine cavity evaluation is invaluable in establishing a diagnosis before such patients are taken for surgery.

Various steps have been proposed for preventing adhesion reformation. Assessment of adhesion reformation can be done via office hysteroscopy, saline infusion sonography, and hysterosalpingography.

Keywords

Asherman syndrome Hysteroscopy Adhesiolysis 

Supplementary material

Movie 8.1

Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis of an ESH classification grade II adhesions with scissors

Movie 8.2

Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis with scissors. The adhesions appeared as normal fundal wall with apparent tubal ostia. A normal cavity can be seen behind the adhesions following adhesiolysis

Movie 8.3

Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis of severe intrauterine adhesions under laparoscopic guidance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Malhotra
    • 1
  • Jude Ehiabhi Okohue
    • 2
  1. 1.Global Rainbow Healthcare, Rainbow HospitalAgraIndia
  2. 2.Gynescope Specialist Hospital, Madonna UniversityPort HarcourtNigeria

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