Hydroponics—An Alternative to Indian Agriculture System and Current Trends: A Review Study

  • Ashish Aggarwal
  • Ratnakar KumarEmail author
  • Sunil Kumar Chowdhary
  • Shailendra Kumar Jain
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 597)


India, the land of farmers, where agriculture has always been the primary occupation of the people, more than 50% of the population is still engaged in agriculture and its allied sectors. However, over the years, a significant rapid decline has been observed in the contribution by the agriculture sector toward India’s GDP rate. In this paper, we aim toward identifying the gap between the ratio of high inputs and low yields by portraying the various loopholes in traditional Indian agriculture methods and how hydroponic agriculture is need of the hour for the growth of Indian agriculture. Also, the current trends in technology and research in the field of hydroponics around the world have been discussed to show how it can provide an ideal solution to the insufficiency of traditional farming, and how Indian farmers can adopt its implementation practices to boost their crop yield and income. Also, an IoT-based application has been proposed for monitoring and control of a hydroponic setup.


Hydroponic agriculture/hydroponics Smart monitoring system Internet of things (IoT) Sensors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Ratnakar Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sunil Kumar Chowdhary
    • 1
  • Shailendra Kumar Jain
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

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