What Does It Mean to Be Human? (Biological Sciences, Biotechnology, and Other Considerations)

  • Barry B. Luokkala
Part of the Science and Fiction book series (SCIFICT)


Humans are the highest form of intelligent life on Earth. But what is it that makes us distinctly human? From a purely scientific perspective, what, if anything, sets us apart from other forms of life? Are there other important considerations, apart from the natural sciences, which might be necessary, if we want a complete picture of what it means to be human? In this chapter, we will explore these and other questions related to our humanness. We conclude the chapter by focusing on the question, what can we learn from an android about what it means to be human?


Introduction: Being Human

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What Can We Learn from “Frankenstein” About What It Means to Be Human?

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Cell Structure and Radiation Damage

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DNA and the Human Genome

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Human Teleportation

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Beyond Biology

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What Can We Learn from an Android About What It Means to Be Human?

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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